Health and Nutrition Label Use: A Gender-Specific Analysis
Purpose: To determine the association between nutrition label use and health, and assess if the association differs between men and women.
Methods: Based on data from a population based, random sample survey (N=1,503) in Nebraska in 2013, chi-square tests were used to examine bivariate associations between selected health variables and nutrition label use respectively in the whole sample, males, and females, followed by logistic regression analysis to estimate these associations in a multivariate framework.
Results: A U-shaped relationship between self-rated health (SRH) and nutrition label use was observed among both males and females in that excellent and poor SRH were both associated with a higher chance of reading nutrition labels than the three SRH categories in-between. However, this U-shaped relation turned out to be more salient among males than among females. Among males, being obese was associated with a higher odds of reading nutrition label (OR=2.63, p<0.001). This association, however, was not statistically significant among females.
Conclusion: The association between health and nutrition label use was more pronounced among males than among females. Nutrition education can potentially benefit from factoring in the linkages between health, use of nutrition labels, and gender differences in these linkages.
Learning Areas:Administer health education strategies, interventions and programs
Implementation of health education strategies, interventions and programs
Planning of health education strategies, interventions, and programs
Public health or related education
Public health or related organizational policy, standards, or other guidelines
Analyze the association between nutrition label use and health, and assess if the association differs between men and women.
Keyword(s): Nutrition, Gender
Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I have been a research scientist with emphasis in public health and health behavior analysis pertaining to chronic disease and diet behaviors. And I have conducted both qualitative and quantitative studies on effects of health behaviors on development of chronic diseases.
Any relevant financial relationships? No
I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.