Context Matters: A Community Based Study of Urban Minority Parents Viewpoints on Children's Health
Purpose: To gain community insights on specific childhood health issues that could be addressed through a community-based participatory intervention aimed at improving parenting.
Methods: Through a community-based participatory research approach, eight focus groups were conducted among 75 African American parents in an urban Southeastern city. Methodology was based on grounded theory.
Results: Although the focus of this investigation was on the community identification of child on health priorities, participants identified contextual factors as the root determinants of children’s health, including violence and lack of healthy food options. Social factors such as poor parenting skills, involvement and limited capacities were identified as important issues to address by community programs that address child health. Establishing positive community social capital and constructive activities for children were cited as central to promoting the health and success of children in their neighborhoods.
Conclusions: Among parents in this study, parenting was viewed as a major influence on children’s health. Results highlight the importance of considering contextual factors when addressing children’s health and demonstrate that these factors differ, not only by race and ethnicities, but by geography and community context. Pediatricians, community health workers, and community-based organizations are in a key position to promote services for the whole child, delivered through supporting better parenting.
Learning Areas:Administer health education strategies, interventions and programs
Implementation of health education strategies, interventions and programs
Planning of health education strategies, interventions, and programs
Public health or related education
Public health or related research
Describe a sample of urban minority parent’s views of issues and priorities related to children health. Discuss contextual factors that can inform the development of community, public health, and policy initiatives to improve the health of children.
Keyword(s): Child Health Promotion, Community-Based Health
Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I provide leadership on the R24, P20, and U54 grants, supported by NIMHD, as the Project Director. Prior to joining the Satcher Health Leadership Institute at Morehouse School of Medicine, I served as an Assistant Extension Professor and Family Life Specialist at Mississippi State University (MSU). Most of my work has focused on community-based interventions for improving parenting and children's health.
Any relevant financial relationships? No
I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.