Online Program

Impact of Socio-Economic Status on Well-Being of Urban Migrant Construction Workers in Delhi, India

Wednesday, November 4, 2015 : 11:09 a.m. - 11:22 a.m.

Aditi Puri, RDH, MPH, PhD, Masters in Public Health, Monroe College, Bronx, NY
Background: Uneven development and inter-regional disparities are some of the primary reasons for migration of poor residents from underdeveloped regions to urban cities in India. Construction workers are exposed to multiple biological, chemical and physical agents at work sites, which result in health problems that include - injuries, respiratory diseases, and gastrointestinal diseases. Hard physical labor, low wages, poor working and living conditions, absence of social support, separation from family and lack of job security adversely impact healthy and psychosocial well - being of workers. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the impact of socio economic status, depression, gender and social support on well - being of urban migrant construction workers employed at construction sites. Study Design: A Descriptive Cross- Sectional study is conducted to examine the influence of socio-economic status (SES), depression, gender based discrimination and social support on well - being of urban migrant construction workers employed at construction sites in Delhi, India. Methods: A convenience sample of 200 (100 male and 100 female) construction workers is being collected from construction sites in Delhi. Three measures are used to assess the study constructs, these include - Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), Warwick and Edenberg Well- Being Scale (WEMWBS) and MOS Social Support Survey (MOS-SSS).  Study Results: The researcher is currently in the process of collecting data in Delhi, India. Conclusion: Public health interventions are needed to improve working/living conditions of workers in the construction industry these include- safe working environment; access to sanitation facilities, medical and mental health services; and social support to mitigate the impact of harsh social conditions.

Learning Areas:

Advocacy for health and health education
Diversity and culture
Occupational health and safety
Public health or related public policy
Public health or related research

Learning Objectives:
Analyze the role of social support in mitigating the influence of depression, gender based discrimination and SES on well - being of migrant workers employed at construction sites in Delhi, India. Identify the impact of poor living and working conditions on the health and psychosocial well - being of construction workers. Identify measures needed to improve the work environment and living conditions of workers.

Keyword(s): Urban Health, Immigrant Health

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: Dr. Aditi Puri graduated with Masters in Public Health from Columbia University-Mailman School of Public Health in 2014. She has a PhD in Health Professions Education from Simmons College. She served as an Assistant Professor at MCPHS University from 2007-2012. She is currently a full-time faculty member at Monroe College in the Masters in Public Health Program. Her research interest is in urban public health-immigrant construction workers in India.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.