Online Program

Individual-level factors associated with work-related injuries among Washington adolescents

Tuesday, November 3, 2015 : 11:15 a.m. - 11:30 a.m.

Janessa Graves, PhD, MPH, College of Nursing, Washington State University, Spokane, WA
Surveillance and workers’ compensation claims research show that adolescents are at greater risk for work-related injuries and deaths than adults. This study examines the individual-level factors associated with work-related injuries among working teens in Washington State. We analyzed data from the 2010 Washington State Healthy Youth Survey (HYS) of 8th, 10th, and 12th grade students in public schools. We used chi-squared tests and multivariable logistic regression models to evaluate the association between report of ever having a work-related injury and a variety of individual-level factors (e.g., language spoken at home, sleep duration, and grades.) Of 11,222 teens who completed questions about work in the 2010 HYS, 37.2% (N=4,175) reported having ever worked for pay. Among these, 6.4% (N=265) reported ever seeking treatment for a work-related injury. In bivariate analyses, work-related injury history varied significantly by grade, sex, age, race/ethnicity, maternal education, alcohol and marijuana use, history of sexual intercourse, grades and sleep duration (p<0.01). Multivariable regression results revealed significant associations between work-related injury and the following characteristics: male (OR=1.98, 95% CI:1.16-3.39), not living in parent’s or guardian’s home (OR=3.68, 95% CI:1.74-7.79), language other than English usually spoken at home (OR=2.46, 95% CI:1.08-5.64), and weeknight sleep duration under five hours (OR=2.54, 95% CI:1.14-5.67). Work-related injuries among high school youth are associated with multiple factors not typically connected with the workplace and rarely considered in strategies aimed at reducing these injuries. Prevention strategies should consider incorporating these risk factors into their approaches to reducing young worker injuries.

Learning Areas:

Occupational health and safety
Public health or related organizational policy, standards, or other guidelines

Learning Objectives:
Describe the non-work-related factors that may be associated with work-related injury in teens. Understand the association between these variables and the risk for occupational injuries high school teens. Discuss possible community-based interventions needed to reduce the risk of occupational injuries among teens.

Keyword(s): Youth, Workplace

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I have a background in occupational health research. I conducted the analysis for the research described in this abstract.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.