Causes of Non-Fatal and Fatal Violence-Related Injuries among Children in the United States, 2001-2013
Methods: This retrospective study examined data from the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System - All Injury Program (NEISS-AIP) and the National Vital Statistics System (NVSS) for years 2001 to 2013. Trend analysis was used to determine changes in incidence rates (per 100,000 children per year) and causes of violence-related injuries among pediatric age groups of 0-4, 5-9, 10-14, and 15-19 years old.
Results: We found an overall decrease in rates of both non-fatal and fatal violence-related injuries among all age groups with the exception of fatal injuries in 10-14 year olds (increase of 0.009 injuries/100,000 children/year). Additionally, we observed increases in rates of non-fatal cut/pierce injuries among age groups 10-14 (1.79) and 15-19 (0.67) and increases in rates of non-fatal firearm injuries in ages 0-4 (0.06) and 15-19 (1.11). Increases in rates of fatal injuries caused by firearms for the 5-9 age group (0.02) and cut/pierces for the 0-4 age group (0.07) were also found.
Conclusion: Our results indicate that there has been a decline in violence-related non-fatal and fatal injuries among children in the U.S. Future research should focus on exploring the cause of increases in fatal injuries among 10-14 year olds.
Identify trends in violence-related injuries among children in the U.S.
Keyword(s): Youth Violence, Epidemiology
Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I received a PhD in health outcomes and policy research in 2014. I have worked in injury and trauma research for 4 years.
Any relevant financial relationships? No
I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.