Online Program

Motor Skills and Physical Fitness: A systematic review of 50 years of intervention research

Tuesday, November 3, 2015

Jason Bishop, Ph.D., School of Physical Activity and Sport Sciences, West Virginia University, Morgantown, VA
A summary review of the previous 50 years of intervention studies pertaining to the development of motor skills and physical fitness of children with disabilities is presented. Physical activity among children is alarmingly low. Less than 25% of children overall meet the 2008 Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans of engaging in 60 minutes of moderate to vigorous physical activity per day (USDHHS, 2010). However, children and youth with disabilities participate in physical activity 4.5 times less than their age- and gender-matched peers (Rimmer, 2008). Decreased physical activity and unhealthy body compositions (e.g., obesity) tends to track into adulthood. As such, obesity rates of people with disabilities are 58% higher than adults without disabilities (BRFSS, 2008). Research-based interventions are one resource health practitioners can utilize to develop and refine appropriate rehabilitative methods. Therefore, the purpose of this review was to analyze intervention studies published since 1960 in adapted physical activity related to motor skills development and physical fitness of children with disabilities. Seventy (70) studies met the inclusion criteria of an empirical motor skills or physical fitness intervention experimental design study involving participants between the ages of 2 and 21 diagnosed with a disability. Interventions were organized into seven categories and critically evaluated according to their research question(s), sample, measuring instrument(s) and research design. In general, the highest quality intervention studies were those that best matched the research question to the most appropriate research design, obtained appropriate sample size, and allotted sufficient sessions to achieve an effective intervention.

Learning Areas:

Other professions or practice related to public health

Learning Objectives:
Identify factors related to quality disability intervention research Assess the quality of the previous 50 years of motor skill and physical fitness intervention research of children with disabilities

Keyword(s): Disabilities, Physical Activity

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I have been first author on disability and physical activity grants and research articles. My research interests include health promotion and physical activity for people with disabilities.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.