Online Program

Situational analysis of the relation between food security, diet quality and dietary health in rural El Salvador

Monday, November 2, 2015 : 11:10 a.m. - 11:30 a.m.

Michelle Martin, MS, CHES, Department of Biobehavioral Health, Penn State University, University Park, PA
Introduction: Multiple determinants of food security exist and vary by geographical, social and cultural contexts. Socioeconomic inequality, environmental degradation, and remnants of a relatively recent civil war, among others, contribute to the lack of food security among individuals and families living in El Salvador today. Within the rural region of Morazán, El Salvador, rates of chronic child malnutrition reach 42.8%, while the prevalence of cardiometabolic health conditions and obesity among children and adults steadily increases. Food insecurity serves as a link between the complex, paradoxical relation of poverty, obesity and child malnutrition. The purpose of this study is to investigate the most salient determinants of food security and their relation with diet quality and dietary health.  Methods: This study employs an exploratory situational analysis based on primary data gathered from interviews with food and nutrition security (FNS)-related professionals, health professionals and primary caregivers (e.g. mothers, grandmothers, aunts), paired with relevant artifacts, such as local health reports, FNS-related websites, and pamphlets. Results: Combining transcribed data from interviews and collected artifacts, situational maps will be created and analyzed to investigate both human and nonhuman elements involved in the relation between food security and diet quality. Results are forthcoming. Discussion: Results from this situational analysis may better inform local policy and provide insight into the complex relation between FNS, diet quality and dietary health among vulnerable populations.

Learning Areas:

Chronic disease management and prevention
Diversity and culture
Social and behavioral sciences

Learning Objectives:
Identify perspectives of health professionals and community members related to FNS. Define the most salient determinants of food security within rural El Salvador. Describe at least 3 relations between FNS and dietary-related health outcomes.

Keyword(s): Food Security, Nutrition

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I have been the principal investigator of research programs focused on cardiometabolic and dietary health promotion in El salvador. Among my scientific interests has been the investigation of existing community assets and barriers related to food and nutrition security among rural populations in Latin America.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.