Online Program

Perceived motives for bullying victimization among Puerto Rican adolescents

Monday, November 2, 2015

Margarita R. Moscoso-Alvarez, PhD, Foundations of Education, University of Puerto Rico, Rio Piedras Campus, San Juan, PR
Linnette Rodriguez-Figueroa, MS, PhD, Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, University of Puerto Rico, Graduate School of Public Health, San Juan, PR, Puerto Rico
Juan C. Reyes-Pulliza, PhD, Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, University of Puerto Rico, Medical Sciences Campus, Graduate School of Public Health, San Juan, PR
Hector Colón, PhD, Center for Evaluation and Sociomedical Research, University of Puerto Rico, Graduate School of Public Health, San Juan, PR
Teen bullying is an ever increasing public health concern around the world.  Younger kids can be bullied due to sexual orientation, race, religion, or for being shy/introverted.  Our objective was to explore the main reasons for being bullied by gender and age.  The sample (n=3,982) in this cross-sectional survey was selected using a multi-stage stratified cluster sampling design, and was representative of all 7th-12th grade students in PR. Data was collected using a pre-coded self-administered questionnaire.  Proportions were compared using chi-square tests. Almost 20% of adolescents reported ever being bullied; approximately 15% reported bullying in the last year.  Prevalence of bullying was highest among females and among students 15 years old.  Most adolescents have been bullied due to: physical appearance (53%), weight (30%), being studious or having good grades (26%), or for being talented in art/music/sports (21%). Prevalence of bullying due to being though effeminate or gay/homosexual/lesbian was higher among males; females had higher prevalences of bullying due to appearance, weight, grades, and religious beliefs. There were no differences by gender in bullying due to being talented.  Prevalences were highest among students age 15 and 16 for all motives except for weigh (highest among those >16) and for being though mannish (highest in the younger kids). Bullying due to talent was highest among those age 11 and 16. This information will be useful for the elaboration of school policies to manage and prevent bullying among students. We also need to identify associated factors for precise bullying prevention programs in schools.

Learning Areas:

Administer health education strategies, interventions and programs
Assessment of individual and community needs for health education
Other professions or practice related to public health
Planning of health education strategies, interventions, and programs
Public health or related research
Social and behavioral sciences

Learning Objectives:
Describe the prevalence of bullying victimization among Puerto Rican adolescent students Describe the motives for being bullied reported by Puerto Rican adolescent students Compare the prevalence of bullying motives by gender and age

Keyword(s): Adolescents, Youth Violence

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I was a Co-PI of the study, and I helped write the abstract.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.