Online Program

Potential predictors of urban black men experiencing non-physical dating violence perpetrated by a girlfriend

Tuesday, November 3, 2015

Brian Gilchrist, PhD, MPH, Athletic Training, Health, & Exercise Science, Long Island University, Brooklyn, Brooklyn, NY
Jason Davis, BA, Center for Employment Opportunities, New York, NY
Kelly Guillet, Health Nutrition Science Program, Brooklyn College, Brooklyn, NY
Yvette Bodrick, MPH, Master of Health Science Program, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD
Constance Owens, MPHc, Public Health Department, Temple University, Philadelphia, PA
Felisha Tankard, BS, EMMES Corporation, Rockville, MD
Background: Young urban Black men may be disproportionately affected by non-physical dating violence victimization.  To date, there is a lack of investigation of men’s experiences with relationship violence perpetrated by their girlfriend.  The goal of the current study is to examine the association of intrapersonal and interpersonal characteristics of Black men as potential predictors of non-physical dating violence perpetrated by their girlfriends.  Methods: Street-intercept surveys (n=148) were conducted among a sample of Black males aged 18-25 years old at a subway station in Brooklyn, New York.  Results:  Multiple linear regression models revealed that “Isolation” may predict several girlfriend behaviors including insulting or cursing (B = .35; 95% C.I. = .048, .168), yelling or screaming (B = .35; 95% C.I. = .050, .183), threatening to hit or throw something (B = .39; 95% C.I. = .064, .201), destroy something (B = .22; 95% C.I. = .000, .130), call bad names (B = .38; 95% C.I. = .056, .198).  “Perceived Susceptibility” may predict a girlfriend following her boyfriend (B = .22; 95% C.I. = .000, .080) and cornering against his will (B = .25; 95% C.I. = .011, .156).  Conclusions:  Several potential predictors of young Black men experiencing non-physical dating violence from their girlfriends have been identified in the current study.  Further research is needed to determine how these variables may influence young Black men suffering from non-physical dating violence.  This information may be used to develop efficacious interventions to reduce this public health concern.

Learning Areas:

Public health or related research
Social and behavioral sciences

Learning Objectives:
Describe three types of non-physical dating violence behaviors perpetrated by a girlfriend towards their boyfriend. Evaluate the association of intrapersonal and interpersonal characteristics of urban Black males and their likelihood of experiencing non-physical dating violence perpetrated by a girlfriend. Discuss the implications of learning some of the predictive factors associated with non-physical dating violence victimization among urban Black males.

Keyword(s): Violence & Injury Prevention, African American

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I have been the principal of several research projects focusing on various factors associated with the health outcomes among urban adolescents and young adults.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.