A framework for describing school nursing practice in the 21st century
Public health and school nurses work with diverse populations with distinct issues. Depending on the needs of the population, public/school nurses’ activities may differ across the country or even locally. With such autonomy and range, the role of school nurses may not be well understood both within and outside the profession. Concurrently, health care reform and expanded use of technology has changed the landscape of community-based care necessitating the need to clarify nursing roles. The National Association of School Nurses (NASN) developed the Framework for 21st Century School Nursing Practice to visually and conceptually depict the current role of the school nurse. At the core of the Framework are healthy students. Surrounding the students are five key principles that underlie all school nursing activities. These principles include: care coordination, leadership, quality improvement, public health, and standards of practice. The principles are connected by evidence-based practice. The Framework also includes and explains the key practice components within each of five principles. The Framework has been evaluated by experts in school nurses, practicing school nurses, and stakeholders to ensure accuracy, utility, consistency, and clarity. This presentation will share the Framework and discuss how it has helped practicing school nurses prioritize their practice and articulate what they do to professional colleagues and decision makers. Additional ideas of how the Framework can be used will also be discussed. Ultimately, the Framework provides a structured vision of how nurses working in the school setting ensure youth are safe, healthy and ready to learn.
Conduct evaluation related to programs, research, and other areas of practice
Public health or related nursing
Describe the framework for school nursing practice in the 21st century.
Compare the current understanding/practice of school nursing with the presented Framework.
Keyword(s): Nurses/Nursing, School-Based Health
Presenting author's disclosure statement:
Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I was an integral member of the group who developed the framework and oversaw the formal review process for the model. I have been a school nurse for over 15 years, have taught school nursing at the University level and currently conduct research related to school nursing.
Any relevant financial relationships? No
I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines,
and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed
in my presentation.