Online Program

Knowledge-to-Action pathway on aging in the Arab world: The critical role of governance

Monday, November 2, 2015

Abla Mehio Sibai, PhD, Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, American University of Beirut, Beirut, Lebanon
Anthony Rizk, Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, American University of Beirut, Beirut, Lebanon
Nabil Kronfol, Lebanese Health Care Management Association, Beirut, Lebanon
Souha Fares, American University of Beirut, Beirut, Lebanon
Knowledge translation platforms are gaining global support as conduits for evidence-based policymaking and service provision. Through placing the Knowledge-to-Action process in discursive and non-hierarchal structures of priority-setting, these platforms are inclusive to policymakers, researchers, civil society groups and older persons themselves. This study takes aging as a case study to elucidate the process of knowledge translation in the Arab region, which is currently undergoing monumental change.  By triangulating data from two surveys and an extensive desk review, we examine whether aging knowledge produced at the academic level most strongly correlates with social and health policies and programs through knowledge translation platforms or through governmental institutional arrangements. Correlations were assessed using Spearman’s rank correlation and a series of Bootstrap multiple linear regression models. Findings showed significant associations between Knowledge Creation (KC), Institutional Arrangements (IA) and Knowledge Translation (KT), with IA showing the highest correlation with both SP and HP (rS = 0.84, p-value < 0.001; rS = 0.79, p-value < 0.001, respectively). When adjusted for KT, only IA maintained its significance with the outcomes. In effect, although the proposed KT framework in the literature places the KT platform as the most influential construct, this study elucidates the critical role of governance in advancing evidence-based policymaking and service provision on the ground. This paper allows a ‘bird’s eye view’ of the knowledge translation process in aging research, however, country-specific research is required to further understand how KC and KT are conceptualized and exercised as well as obstacles and facilitators for policy development.

Learning Areas:

Public health or related laws, regulations, standards, or guidelines
Systems thinking models (conceptual and theoretical models), applications related to public health

Learning Objectives:
List the indicators used to generate composite scores for knowledge creation, institutional arrangements and knowledge translation. Discuss the value of institutional arrangements and political commitment in translating aging research into policy and practice.

Keyword(s): Aging

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I was the Principal Investigator of the project and supervised the design and conduct of the data collection as well as the data interpretation, analysis and write-up.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.