Online Program

Preventing Zoonotic Disease Emergence: Lessons and Policy Opportunities for 2010-2020

Tuesday, November 3, 2015 : 5:10 p.m. - 5:30 p.m.

Catherine Machalaba, MPH, Health and Policy, EcoHealth Alliance, New York, NY
Peter Daszak, PhD, EcoHealth Alliance, New York, NY
Jonna AK Mazet, DVM, MPVM, PhD, One Health Institute, School of Veterinary Medicine, Univ. of California, Davis, CA
William B. Karesh, DVM, Health and Policy, EcoHealth Alliance, New York, NY
Emerging zoonoses have caused extensive burden on public health as well as hundreds of billions of dollars in financial losses over the past decade. Despite these impacts, public health systems are in large part unprepared for zoonotic disease outbreaks, lacking policies that bridge human, animal, and environmental silos. A recent World Bank report estimated that investments of over $2 billion per year are needed through 2020 to sufficiently strengthen capacity to address zoonotic disease risks. In 2009 USAID launched the Emerging Pandemic Threat (EPT) program, including the PREDICT project, aimed to help build predictive capacity for emerging diseases. PREDICT conducted pathogen surveillance in wildlife in twenty “hotspot” countries for disease emergence and developed mechanisms to link public health, agriculture, and environment ministries toward an integrated approach to prevention and early detection of zoonotic diseases. The EPT-2 program, launched in the fall of 2014, builds on these efforts and addresses capacity building needs identified from the first EPT phase, including developing a workforce to implement and support One Health efforts, and creating infrastructure to more effectively prepare for and respond to zoonotic disease outbreaks. The program also includes emphasis on concurrent human-wildlife pathogen sampling, behavioral risk factors, and analysis of the cost-effectiveness of One Health. Lessons and approaches from the EPT projects provide direction for policy opportunities and priorities that can be pursued more widely over the next five years, including in the U.S., to better enable us to prevent emerging zoonoses.

Learning Areas:

Implementation of health education strategies, interventions and programs
Other professions or practice related to public health
Protection of the public in relation to communicable diseases including prevention or control
Public health or related public policy

Learning Objectives:
Describe approaches and lessons from a One Health program. Identify policy directions and opportunities for preventing zoonotic disease emergence.

Keyword(s): Public Health Policy, Prevention

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am the Program Coordinator for Health and Policy at EcoHealth Alliance, and a researcher on One Health cost-effectiveness under the EPT-2 PREDICT-2 program. I have authored or co-authored publications on One Health and related topics in text books and journals including The Lancet and Emerging Infectious Diseases. I have conducted program evaluation and systems redesign efforts and have experience in policy analysis. I am currently a doctoral student in public health.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.