Online Program

Vulnerability Factors for Intimate Partner Violence among Nigerian Women: Decision Tree Analysis

Tuesday, November 3, 2015

Korede Adegoke, MBBS, MPH, Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, College of Public Health , University of South Florida, Tampa, Tampa, FL
Ngozichukwuka Agu, MBBS, MPH, Department of Community and Family Health, College of Public Health, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL
Oluyemis Falope, MBBS, MPH, Department of Global Health, College of Publc Health, University of South Florida Tampa, Tampa, FL, Nigeria
Martha L. Coulter, DrPH MPH MSW, Department of Community and Family Health, University of South Florida, College of Public Health, Tampa, FL
Background: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is associated with several poor maternal and child health outcomes.

Objectives: To identify women with high vulnerability factors for IPV in Nigeria.

Methods: This study used data from the 2013 Nigeria Demographic Health Survey, a cross-sectional and nationally representative sample.  The domestic violence module (N = 21,860) which comprised of ever married women aged 15-49 was analyzed. The outcome, any form of violence was defined as self report of any experience of physical, sexual or emotional IPV. Weighted descriptive and Chi-Square analyses were done. Decision Tree analysis was used to identify sub-groups with increased vulnerability for IPV.

Results: In our sample, 23.9% of the women reported ever experiencing any form of intimate partner violence. Ethnicity and religion were the strongest factors associated with vulnerability. Igbo women who are either "Christian, Catholic or of other religion" and reside in the North (49.7%) had the highest vulnerability and were 23.9% of the sample. Igbo women who are either "Christian, Catholic or other religion" and reside in "South-South or South East" (33.9%) represented the next highest vulnerability group and were 25.8% of our sample. A third group was Yoruba women who reside in urban areas (29.8%) and comprised 12.2% of our sample.

Conclusion: With the high prevalence of IPV in Nigeria, decision tree analyses can help to identify women of high priority for interventions. Defining these high risk groups will allow for effective and multi-tiered strategies towards IPV reduction and improving the health and wellbeing of Nigerian women.

Learning Areas:

Advocacy for health and health education
Public health or related research

Learning Objectives:
Identify high vulnerability factors for IPV among Nigerian women

Keyword(s): Domestic Violence, International Health

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I have an MPH degree in Maternal and Child Health. My interest include intimate partner violence and I have done some studies in this area. I was involved in conducting data analysis and writing the abstract for this study.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.