Sugar Babies, The Bittersweet Truth of Diabetes
Learning Objective: Participants will be able to discuss the effectiveness of using a documentary film in middle schools to provide diabetes prevention education.
Introduction: One-third of the US population is projected to have diabetes by 2050. Healthful food choices, adequate physical activity and weight maintenance are proven lifestyle strategies for diabetes prevention. By middle school, students have autonomy in daily choices making it a critical time for lifestyle education. Visual and relational formats are valued by adolescents yet their effectiveness in youth diabetes education is unclear. Methods: A 40-minute documentary made by a nationally recognized film maker was shown in eight middle schools to 1,030 students. Vignettes in the film provided education on the basic physiology of diabetes and highlighted adolescents coping with both Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes. Companion booklets and lesson plans were developed and provided to health instructors. Students completed a 10-item pre- and post- survey measuring knowledge and intent to change. A control group of 1,000 middle school students who did not view the film also completed the survey. Family night events were held at which time the film was shown to family and community members followed by a panel discussion with local public health experts and school personnel. Results: Post-survey scores were significantly higher than pre-survey scores and control group scores in select areas. Preliminary results suggest students in the intervention were able to identify terms associated with diabetes, distinguish the types of diabetes and state their intentions to consume fewer sugar-sweetened beverages and engage in additional physical activity. Discussion and Conclusion: Documentary film can increase knowledge about diabetes and reinforce preventive lifestyle habits in young adolescents.
Learning Areas:Administer health education strategies, interventions and programs
Chronic disease management and prevention
Implementation of health education strategies, interventions and programs
Planning of health education strategies, interventions, and programs
Public health or related education
Social and behavioral sciences
Differentiate patients/students/individuals at risk for type 2 diabetes. Identify psychosocial and environmental factors that impacts diabetes burnout for adolescents. Discuss the risk of type 1 patients developing insulin resistance due to unhealthy lifestyle health habits and choices (type 1.5) Differentiate the types of changes we need to make in schools regarding diet and exercise to motivate students to prioritize their health. Name the symptoms for both type 1 and type 2 diabetes.
Keyword(s): Social and behavioral sciences
Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: My documentaries have won numerous international awards, aired on top broadcast channels, and are being used in school curricula around the country fostering discussions around public health issues, and social and racial justice topics. My first paper was published in the Journal of Primary Prevention in August of 2013, Piloting Lead With Love: A Film Based Intervention to Improve Parentâs Responses to Their Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Children.
Any relevant financial relationships? No
I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.