Gale Spencer, PhD, RN

Distinguished Professor & Decker Chair in Community Health
Binghamton University
Binghamton, NY
USA Email:

Disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I have taught Community Health Nursing for more than 35 years. My research and my doctoral students research is often in area of maternal child health nursing.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.