4320.0: Tuesday, November 14, 2000 - 9:45 PM

Abstract #15882

Work and health conditions in six industrial activities in Mexico

Jose Horacio Tovalin, MD, MOH, Southwest Center of Occupational and Environmental Health, School of Public Health, University of Texas-Houston, 1200 Herman Pressler, 10th floor west, Houston, TX 77030, 713 500 9445, sph2281@utsph.sph.uth.tmc.edu and Fernando Talavera, DrE, UNAM.

BACKGROUND The information about work and health conditions in the Mexican industry is limited and probably not accurate, for that reason this study was done with workers of six different industrial activities trying to get a more real image of these conditions. METHODS Workers of six industrial activities were surveyed: food, footwear, textile, automotive, cement and glass industries. The plants were located in Mexico City, and in the cities of Monterrey, Ramos-Arizpe, Guadalajara, and Puebla. The information was collected through a questionnaire composed by 28 items related to general data, occupational conditions, diseases associated with their work, occupational risks, and risks prevention policies.


A total of 3 651 people were surveyed, of these a 54.8% correspond to line workers, 34.4% to personnel, and 9.8% to supervisors. A 16.0% of the workers indicated that in their jobs occurred serious accidents, and 6.1% reported fatal events. The most frequent health damages were: injuries sequels (52.2%), respiratory diseases (23.7%), musculoskeletal illnesses (20.8%), allergies (13.3%), skin diseases (13.2%), visual alterations (12.9%), and hearing loss (9.4%). The greater odds ratios were presented for the pulmonary diseases, the column diseases and the visual problems. CONCLUSIONS

The reported frequencies are greater than the statistics published by health institutions, and perhaps express a real situation that could be found if were accomplished early detection activities. For this reason would be convenient that health institutions do studies like this to complement their records.

Learning Objectives: At the conclusion of this session the participant in the session will be able to: Identify the most frequent work conditions, occupational risks, and the prevalence of occupational injuries and illnesses of workers from six industrial activities in Mexico

Keywords: Surveillance, Workplace Safety

Presenting author's disclosure statement:
Organization/institution whose products or services will be discussed: UNAM-Mexico. PAPIIT Project 302594. SWCOEH, SPH-UT
I do not have any significant financial interest/arrangement or affiliation with any organization/institution whose products or services are being discussed in this session.

The 128th Annual Meeting of APHA