The National Institutes of Health requires that women and minorities be included in clinical and epidemiological studies; however, few reports have described, in detail, the recruitment methodologies or retention strategies used for these populations. Thus, we describe the recruitment, enrollment, and retention of women in the Women on the Move study, a physical activity validation study to target minority women aged 40 to 70 years living in a large, metropolitan area. Investigators consulted with a community advisory board, members of the target communities, and with key community leaders to determine the needs and expectations of women who might be interested in the study. Printed sources, television, radio, and presentations at health fairs, churches, and health clinics were the primary methods used for recruitment. In total, 656 women expressed interest in the study (340 Latina, 311 African-American, 5 unknown), 387 (59%) met eligibility criteria, and 260 (40%) were enrolled in the study (130 Latina, 130 African-American). No differences in income or physical activity were observed between women screened and enrolled. Latina women enrolled were more educated (had some college) than those screened (enrolled=60%; screened=40%, p=. 047). Compared to the target population, enrolled women had similar income, but were more educated than the target population (enrolled=75%; target=31%). Almost all women (│ 98%) completed the 3-week protocol and 6-week follow-up. Experience from the Women on the Move study suggests that African-American and Latina women can be successfully recruited and retained for a 9-week physical activity validation study.
Learning Objectives: Articulate the deficiencies in recruitment methodology for minority participants in current research Describe effective methods for recruiting, enrolling, and retaining minority participants into research Discuss additional strategies that may be effective in increasing minority participation in research studies
Keywords: Physical Activity, Minority Research
Presenting author's disclosure statement:
Organization/institution whose products or services will be discussed: None
I do not have any significant financial interest/arrangement or affiliation with any organization/institution whose products or services are being discussed in this session.
The 128th Annual Meeting of APHA