The longitudinal California Work and Health Survey data was analyzed. Of 1,771 adults randomly sampled in 1998, 909 were followed and 1131 added in 1999. The survey measures AMOUNTS of alcohol and tobacco consumed. The 1999 follow-up included items on WHERE, and changes in WHERE, respondents smoked and drank.
Of 909 followed respondents, smokers (N=214) averaged 336 cigarettes/month, and reported a non-significant 8-cigarette/month 1998-99 decrease. Drinkers (N=489) reported no change 1998-99 (mean=8 drinks/month).
1999 data (N=2040) was used to analyze WHERE respondents smoked and drank. Smokers (N=379) reported smoking at or just outside of bars (33%), restaurants (44%), and workplace (77%). When asked if they were doing more or less of their smoking at these locations, 64% reported less at bars, 57% less at restaurants, and 42% less at workplaces. Therefore, smokers reported doing less of their smoking in public, possibly responding to the 1995 statewide workplace smoking ban, extended to bars in 1998.
Drinkers (N=1084) were asked WHERE they drank. Of those who smoke and drink (N=228), 49% drank at bars and 53% at restaurants. In contrast, of the non-smoking drinkers (N=857), 35% drank at bars and 68% at restaurants. Each group reported doing less of their drinking at bars--61% of smokers/drinkers, and 53% of non-smoking drinkers. Furthermore, 48% of the smokers/drinkers reported doing less of their drinking at restaurants, while 37% of non-smoking drinkers reported less at restaurants. The trend of less consumption across groups and locations renders problematic the contention that the smoking ban is causing smokers to avoid bars.
Learning Objectives: At the conclusion of this session, the participant in this session will be able to: 1) appreciate the effect that a state-wide workplace smoking ban has on the location of where people smoke; 2) understand that a smoking bans in bars does not necessarily result in loss of business to bar owners
Keywords: Smoking, Alcohol Use
Presenting author's disclosure statement:
Organization/institution whose products or services will be discussed: None
I do not have any significant financial interest/arrangement or affiliation with any organization/institution whose products or services are being discussed in this session.
The 128th Annual Meeting of APHA