4045.0: Tuesday, November 14, 2000: 8:30 AM-10:00 AM

Political Economy of Work Environment

This panel will propose a theoretical framework, called here the political economy of the work environment, for analysis of work environment issues that affect the health and safety of workers as well as the environment. The framework centers around the understanding of the concrete economic, political and social interests of work environment actors such as workers, managers, and the state. After the presider introduces this framework, three different applications of the theory will be discussed: The first suggests a more complete view of the international debate around the exportation of hazards from developed to developing countries by including the frequently forgotten issue of the importation of hazards by developing countries. The empirical evidence for this perspective is based on a comparative study of waste management facilities in Bahia, Brazil and Texas, U.S. The second offers an example of using the framework to analyze a worker health education intervention, the Superfund Worker Training Program. Through the development of a social history the political economy of this program is presented. It provides a basis for considering future applicability of such interventions as well as the political efforts/forces required to secure and implement future programs. The third demonstrates the need for a new conceptual framework to evaluate health-based interventions. The proposed Work Environment Impact Assessment (WEIA) is analogous to Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) and entails identifying and evaluating both intended and unintended consequences, or outcomes, associated with a particular intervention. The empirical evidence for this perspective is based on the Alar ban
See individual abstracts for presenting author's disclosure statement.
Learning Objectives: Refer to the individual abstracts for learning objectives
Presider(s):Carlos E. Siqueira, MD,, ScD
Organizer(s):Charles Levenstein
8:30 AMTheory of the work environment
Charles Levenstein, PhD
8:45 AMPolitical economy of the importation and exportation of hazards
Carlos E. Siqueira, MDSCD
9:00 AMSuperfund worker training program
Craig Slatin, ScDMPH
9:15 AMWork environment impact assessment
Beth Rosenberg, ScDMPH
9:30 AMDiscussion
Sponsor:Labor Caucus
Cosponsors:Environment; Occupational Health and Safety; Socialist Caucus; Women's Caucus

The 128th Annual Meeting of APHA