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[ Recorded presentation ] Recorded presentation

Tailored Mammography Interventions: Is a Booster Dose Important?

CS Skinner, PhD1, Victoria L. Champion, DNS, RN, FAAN2, Patrick Monahan, PhD2, Sarah C. Kobrin, PhD3, Joanne Daggy, PhD4, and Usha Menon, PhD, RN5. (1) Medical Center, Duke University, Box 2949, Durham, NC 27710, (919) 684-4791, skinn008@mc.duke.edu, (2) Indiana University School of Nursing, 1111 Middle Drive, NU 340E, Indianapolis, IN 46202, (3) Behavioral Research Program, National Cancer Institute, 6130 Executive Blvd., Rockville, MD 20852, (4) Mary Margaret Walther Cancer Research Program, Indiana University School of Nursing, 1111 Middle Drive, NU 340E, Indianapolis, IN 46202, (5) Emma Eccles Jones Nursing Research Center, University of Utah College of Nursing, 10 South 2000 East, Rm. 503, Salt Lake City, UT 81142

Background: Conventional wisdom assumes a one-dose intervention might facilitate one-time adherence and booster doses might facilitate maintenance. This study tested effects of a booster intervention on mammography adherence.

Methods: The 1245 participants, at least 51 years old and non-adherent at baseline, were from a university-affiliated clinic (83% African American) and an HMO (76% Caucasian). Each was assigned to usual care, tailored print, tailored phone counseling, or both print and phone. One year later, intervention recipients were randomly assigned to receive a booster or no booster dose of their original intervention. We used logistic regression to test effects on adherence at 6 and 15-months post booster.

Findings: Among the 44% screened following initial intervention, booster recipients were more likely to be re-screened by 6 months post booster (OR=1.68; p=.038) but the effect was no longer significant by 15 months (OR=1.15; p=.54). Among the 56% not screened after initial intervention, the booster had no significant effect on adherence at either 6 or 15 months.

Conclusion: We expected more re-screening among booster recipients and that the booster dose might facilitate first mammograms among women not screened after initial intervention. Instead, findings suggest: (1) booster interventions may facilitate timely re-screening but, eventually, adherence in booster/no booster groups will be similar, and (2) a booster dose will not be effective if the first intervention dose is not.

Learning Objectives:

Keywords: Breast Cancer Screening, Interventions

Presenting author's disclosure statement:
I do not have any significant financial interest/arrangement or affiliation with any organization/institution whose products or services are being discussed in this session.

[ Recorded presentation ] Recorded presentation

Breast Cancer Screening Across the Continuum of Care

The 132nd Annual Meeting (November 6-10, 2004) of APHA