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APHA Scientific Session and Event Listing
Sara L. Stewart, MS1, Karen L. Courtney, RN, MSN2, Mihail Popescu, PhD2, and Linda K. Goodwin, PhD, RN3. (1) University of Missouri NLM Fellowship, 8247 Starr Grass Dr, Madison, WI 53719, 608-239-6656, email@example.com, (2) Department of Health Managemet and Informatics, University of Missouri- Columbia, 324 Clark, Columbia, MO 65211, (3) School of Nursing, Duke University, Trent Dr, Durham, NC 27707
Preterm birth is one of the leading causes of infant mortality in industrialized countries. There is a growing body of literature that suggests socio-economic and socio-demographic factors may be causal factors that either explain or confound disparities. Understanding differential patterns in birth outcomes is necessary to develop effective interventions designed to decrease birth outcome disparities amongst pregnant women.
The purpose of this study is to use statistical and computational modeling to explore predictive factors in existing datasets. This study is a retrospective, secondary analysis of de-identified, North Carolina birth record data (http://www.schs.state.nc.us/SCHS). The following methods are being used to explore predictive models: Logistic regression, CART, Support Vector Machines, and Neural Networks. The parsimonious statistical model for preterm birth prediction includes the following variables: marital status, mother's race, mother's age, father's age, mother's education, number of cigarettes smoked and adequacy of prenatal care (Kotelchuck index). An interaction between mother's age and race is also explored as well as interactions between mother's age and various medical history issues that have been associated with preterm birth. Using logistic regression, this model has a predictive accuracy of .701 (ROC).
This presentation will show the comparison of the statistical modeling with the computational models. Our model results are consistent with other studies found within the literature; however our models were generated from data already being collected routinely during each pregnancy. Public health implications for both the methods used and the factors exposed will be reviewed.
Learning Objectives: Following this session, the participant will be able to
Keywords: Pregnancy Outcomes, Information Databases
Presenting author's disclosure statement:
Any relevant financial relationships? No
The 134th Annual Meeting & Exposition (November 4-8, 2006) of APHA