171360 Development of culturally appropriate materials to address maternal depression among Vietnamese women

Monday, October 27, 2008: 3:45 PM

Thanh Mai T. Nguyen , Department of Maternal and Child Health, Boston University School of Public Health, Boston, MA
Emily Feinberg, ScD, CPNP , Department of Community Health Sciences, Boston University School of Public Health, Boston, MA
Anne Hien Bui , Vietnamese American Women's League of Massachusetts, Vietnamese-American Initiative for Development, Dorchester, MA
Emily Elaine Chambers , School of Public Health, Department of Maternal and Child Health, Boston University, Boston, MA
Depression is the leading cause of disability among reproductive-age women and presents major risks to child health and development. Based on focus groups and in-depth interviews with Vietnamese women, we have learned that depression is prevalent among Vietnamese mothers but that stigma and lack of understanding about mental health issues are barriers to addressing emotional health issues in this population. In this presentation we will present the process used to develop a culturally-specific education brochure focused on maternal depression. Our goal was to improve mental health literacy and, thereby, strengthen community capacity to support maternal mental health. The first objective in the development process was to ground brochure content in a recognized cultural tradition. We selected the infant's “Đầy Tháng” ceremony, which occurs when the infant is a month old. Our second objective was to ensure that the brochure was relevant to the broader Vietnamese community. We targeted family members whose opinions impact mothers' willingness to acknowledge depressive symptoms. We included the perspectives of the husband and mother-in-law and presented their views on an equal par with the mother's experience. Our third objective was to make the visuals culturally appropriate. We will present results from an extensive community-based validation process. We used a semi-structured questionnaire to obtain feedback from mothers, husbands, community elders and influential community members. We are gathering feedback on key concepts, visual presentation, and language. It will be incorporated into the final product which will be distributed at health centers and community agencies in the Boston community.

Learning Objectives:
1.Describe barriers to addessing maternal depression in the Vietnamese community 2.Identify key family relationships that impact Vietnamese women's disclosure of depressive symptoms and willingness to engage in mental health services 3. Analyze a process used to develop and validate culturally acceptable educational materials focused maternal depression in the Vietnamese community

Keywords: Depression, Cultural Competency

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: Project Coordinator for this project- preparation, planning, design and budget. Multiple presentations informally in academic setting.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.