174086 A Head Start Program: Protecting your kids around water from the start

Monday, October 27, 2008: 12:30 PM

Herminia Nieves, BS, MPH , School of Public Health, Department of Health Promtion & Education, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, CA
Merraf Abel, BS , School of Public Health, Department of Health Promtion & Education, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, CA
Adriana Navas, DO , School of Public Health, Department of Health Promtion & Education, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, CA
Patti Herring, PhD, RN , School of Public Health, Dept. Health Promotion & Ed, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, CA
Susanne Montgomery, PhD, MPH, MS , Health Promotion and Education, Loma Linda University School of Public Health, Loma Linda, CA
Elizabeth Holzhauser, MPH , School of Public Health, Dept. Health Promotion & Ed, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, CA
Sanam Kazemi, BS, MPH , School of Public Health, Dept. Health Promotion & Education, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, CA
Maria De-Borba Silva, BS, MS , School of Public Health, Department of Health Promtion & Education, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, CA
Literature indicates that drownings and/or near-drownings are the second leading cause of deaths and injuries for children and adolescents aged 1-19 years, and a major public health issue. In order to explore whether a water safety program can lead to changes in water safety knowledge and attitudes in parents and school staff, a needs assessment was conducted at the San Bernardino Delmann Heights Community Center Head Start, an area with a high proportion of recent Mexican immigrants. The Health Belief Model and concepts from other relevant theories were used as a backdrop for the needs assessment. Using available literature to inform best practices, public health students collected data through ethnographies, semi-structured key informant interviews, and a confirmatory focus group which was used to validate emerging themes. Participants were selected using theoretical sampling, and data were coded and themed using Grounded Theory methods. The results revealed the need for culturally and contextually appropriate Spanish language water safety education, water accident prevention strategies, and First Aid and Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) training. Identified barriers to such an undertaking were lack of awareness of potential water hazards in and around the home, lack of time and money to receive first aid and CPR training, and familial duties that prevent water safety education. A pilot program that offered first aid and CPR training, as well as water safety and prevention training was delivered including child care to promote program attendance. Process and impact evaluation results, lessons learned, and plans for sustainability will be presented.

Learning Objectives:
By the end of the presentation, participants will be able to: Identify three challenges to water safety encountered by parents in and around the home. Identify three unique barriers that parents face to prevent and maintain water safety in and around the home. Describe how to apply the projectís lessons learned to their own context.

Keywords: Child Health, Minorities

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am a doctoral student during research in this area.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.