174933 Evaluating the feasibility of using single-user electric breast pumps to increase breastfeeding duration rates for WIC participants

Monday, October 27, 2008: 4:50 PM

Alena M. Clark, PhD, MPH, RD , School of Health and Human Sciences; Dietetics Program, University of Northern Colorado, Greeley, CO
Jennifer Dellaport, MPH, RD , Wic, Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment, Denger, CO
Introduction or Background: Breastfeeding is the recommended form of feeding for all infants throughout the first year of life. In Colorado, the breastfeeding duration rate for WIC participants at 6 months is 29.5%; this is below the Healthy People 2010 Objectives (50%).

Program Design/Methodology: A pilot study was conducted to compare WIC participants' breastfeeding duration rates and feasibility of using single-user electric breast pumps vs. WIC loaned electric breast pumps. The 1 year pilot followed 42 WIC breastfeeding mothers (21 using loaned pumps; 20 using single-user pumps) in rural and urban settings who were separated from their infants >30 hours a week and planned to offer breastmilk for at least one year. Time and cost analyses were completed to determine the differences between the two pumps.

Program Evaluation Results: Results showed that, on average, mothers who used the single-user pump offered breastmilk 3 months longer (9 months vs. 6 months; p=.008) and started formula later (5 months vs. 4 months; p=.12) than mothers who used the loaned pump. WIC saved, on average, 2 hours of staff time and $43 in staff salary and pump costs when the single-user pump was used compared to the loaned pump. Following the completion of the pilot study, 65% (n=108) of the WIC mothers who have used the single-user pumps breastfed their infants exclusively for their infants' first year of life.

Discussion: The results of this study indicated that the single-user breast pumps may increase breastfeeding duration rates of WIC participants and can be a cost and time savings to WIC agencies.

Learning Objectives:
1. List the 4 participant single-user breast pump issuance criteria for the pilot project. 2. Identify the advantages and disadvantages of using single-user breast pumps vs. WIC loaned electric breast pumps. 3. Describe probable reasons behind why breastfeeding duration rates increased for WIC participants and why cost savings occurred when using the single-user breast pumps.

Keywords: Breast Feeding, WIC

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I was involved in all of the steps of the research process.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.