176745 Nutrition policies and practices of New York City daycare centers

Tuesday, October 28, 2008: 9:30 AM

Temitope Erinosho, MS , Department of Nutrition, Food Studies and Public Health, New York University, New York, NY
L. Beth Dixon, PhD MPH , Dept. of Nutrition, Food Studies, and Public Health, New Yok University, New York, NY
Assessment of nutrition policies and practices of daycare centers is essential for the development of early-age obesity prevention programs. In this cross-sectional study, we administered questionnaires to directors of 30 daycare centers in underserved communities in the South Bronx, East/Central Harlem, and Central Brooklyn, and 10 daycare centers in Manhattan. We also observed dietary intakes of 6 children ages 3-4 years in a classroom at each center (n = 240 children). Most centers received federal funds to provide meals. The cook and director planned the menu at 70% to 85% of the centers. All centers had written menus, and all except one center displayed their menu. Over 70% of centers offered low-fat milk, 100% fruit juice, and whole wheat bread to children. Almost all centers offered a mix of fresh and canned fruits. The majority of centers also offered a mix of fresh, frozen, and canned vegetables. None offered soda to children. Water was not offered at meals or snacks at many centers. Less than 50% of children consumed at least half of the recommended amounts of milk, fruit, vegetable, grain, and meat/beans, respectively. Only 2% of children consumed at least half of the recommendation for all 5 food groups. Directors stressed the need for nutrition education of both staff and parents to improve dietary intakes of young children while at daycare centers and also at home.

Learning Objectives:
1. Identify nutrition practices and policies of urban daycare centers that may influence children's dietary intakes and risk of overweight. 2. Identify the procedure for evaluating dietary intakes of children at daycare centers. 3. Describe dietary intakes of children at daycare centers in relation to national recommendations.

Keywords: Child Care, Nutrition

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I was the project coordinator and in this role, I was responsible for scheduling site visits, assisted with data collection and analysis, and writing reports.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.