177994 An Implementation and Preliminary Outcome Evaluation of School Health Teams as a Component of a Coordinated School Health Program

Monday, October 27, 2008

Shanna Fox Oakley, MSPH, CHES , College of Health and Human Services, UNC Charlotte, Charlotte, NC
This implementation and preliminary outcome evaluation assessed the progress of School Health Team (SHT) development as part of one large urban school district's Coordinated School Health Program (CSHP). Results from electronic surveys of principals indicated that 25% (n = 40) of schools had a SHT as of May, 2007. Nearly half of SHTs (47.5%, n = 19) initiated or completed health needs assessments. SHT training and membership of a school administrator were significantly related to completion of health assessments (p < .05). Other preliminary indicators of SHT effectiveness included: monthly meetings, having a team coordinator, and membership of a nurse. This study also included focus groups to explore further the formation and function of SHTs. Twelve SHT members participated in focus groups addressing the advantages and barriers of SHTs. The primary advantage cited was support by school staff, parents, and community partners. Barriers included limited resources (e.g., membership, scheduling), member turnover (e.g., changes in school staff), and the breadth of student health issues. Participants provided suggestions for team development and effectiveness: continue recruiting efforts (i.e., of CSHP representatives and health-educated volunteers); use resources available, even if limited; focus on one or two workable health themes; and remember that schools and SHTs are unique throughout the district. This modest initial effort demonstrates the value of this qualitative approach that can be expanded in scope for future evaluations. Overall, this model for evaluation may serve as a valuable tool as school districts develop SHTs as part of a Coordinated School Health Program.

Learning Objectives:
1. Grow participantsí general knowledge about Coordinated School Health programming. 2. Recall four of the eight components of the Coordinated School Health program model. 3. Recognize how School Health Teams function in the implementation and sustainability of a Coordinated School Health program. 4. Adapt an evaluation tool for assessing SHT development and effectiveness as part of a Coordinated School Health Program.

Keywords: School-Based Programs, Evaluation

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am the primary author of the thesis on which this abstract is based.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.