186834 Community collaborative approaches to preventing suicidality among Asian Americans: Preliminary findings from a community-campus partnership

Sunday, October 26, 2008

Stella Gran-O'Donnell, MPH, MSW , School of Social Work, University of Washington, Seattle, WA
Junko Yamazaki, MSW, LMHC, LICSW , Youth and Family Services, Asian Counseling and Referral Services, Seattle, WA
Suicide, or “intentional self-harm,” remains a global public health problem disproportionately affecting certain communities. Ranked as the second leading cause of death for all young women, 15-19 years old; suicide is the second leading cause of death for Asian American (AA) females, 15-24 years old. Yet, suicidal behaviors are preventable. Evidence supporting the effectiveness of current interventions remains deficient, sometimes controversial. Existing community interventions are primarily school-based and target majority groups, while few, culturally appropriate community prevention interventions exist and address needs for potentially high risk, racial, ethnic minorities, including AAs. Community-based solutions, especially partnerships designed to prevent and ameliorate suicidality are consistent with national policies that highlight the need for designing, developing, testing, and expanding suicide prevention programs. Yet, little is known about social, community-level factors and processes that may or may not influence suicidality among young AAs. The proposed study seeks to identify and describe social, community-level factors and mechanisms to inform the design and development of culturally appropriate measures and community preventive interventions. An innovative, multi-phase design combining community-based participatory research, qualitative and quantitative methods are utilized. Ongoing collaboration between campus and community partners, e.g., representatives from a community agency whose mission is to provide comprehensive social and mental health services to Asian Americans living in Seattle/King County, offer a unique approach. Preliminary findings from multiple data sources: archival records, qualitative interviews, and the National Latino Asian American Study (NLAAS), will be shared along with discussions and highlights from the community-research partnership, lessons learned, and future efforts.

Learning Objectives:
After this session, participants will be able to: 1. describe the benefits of utilizing innovative, multiple research methods and strategies, i.e., combining community-based participatory research strategies and traditional research methods 2. describe effective community partnership approaches and related outcomes used to inform the design and development of community-based preventive interventions.

Keywords: Asian Americans, Participatory Research

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am fourth year doctoral student studying suicidality in the Asian American community. I have over 12 years of community-participatory research experience including working on several large national CDC studies. I have also presented at APHA in past years on social, behavioral and health issues facing Asian American youth and communities.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.