4113.0 “Business as Usual”: Unaddressed Worker Health and Safety Issues in the Adult Film Industry

Tuesday, October 28, 2008: 10:30 AM
Adult film is a legal industry that generates about 4.3 billion dollars annually. HIV and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs) pose serious yet generally ignored occupational health risk to those who work in the adult film industry (AFI). Adult film performers engage in prolonged and repeated sexual acts with multiple sexual partners over short periods of time, creating ideal conditions for transmission of HIV and other STIs. The industry has not met OSHA requirements for worker education, medical monitoring or condom use, because producers consider such requirements as voluntary or not applicable. HIV infections reportedly occurred among heterosexual AFI performers in California in 1995, 1997, 1998, and 1999. An outbreak that occurred in 2004 was linked directly to workplace transmission. Panelists in this session will describe industry practices, the disease burden, attempts at regulation and consumer attitudes. The session will begin with an overview of past and current industry practices related to worker education, medical monitoring and condom use among adult performers. It will next discuss documented HIV outbreaks and the results of ongoing surveillance for HIV and other reportable STIs. The challenges faced by Cal/OSHA in seeking to enforce bloodborne pathogen standards will be highlighted. Results from a survey of consumers of adult films, which assessed their knowledge of health risks to workers in the industry and their attitudes towards viewing condoms, will also be provided. Proposed legislative and regulatory remedies to better protect workers in this industry will be presented for consideration by policy-makers, legislators and activists.
Session Objectives: Upon completion of this session participants will be able to list the three main health and safety related problems related to the adult film industry. Participants will also be able to complete the following: * Describe STI/HIV morbidity, past HIV outbreaks and current STI/HIV risk to workers in this industry. * List the key elements of the bloodborne pathogen standard as it relates to persons who work in this industry. * Define the role of medical monitoring and use of personal protective measures to reduce occupational risk to workers in this industry. * Discuss consumer knowledge and attitude of health risk to workers in this industry.
Peter Dooley, MS, CIH, CSP
Peter R. Kerndt, MD, MPH

10:30 AM
“Business as Usual”: Unaddressed worker health and safety issues in the adult film industry
Peter R. Kerndt, MD, MPH, Paula Tavrow, PhD, Deborah Gold, Binh Goldstein, PhD, Kim Harrison Eowan, MPH CHES and Corita Grudzen, MD
10:45 AM
Sexually transmitted infections in the adult film industry
Binh Goldstein, PhD, Jane Karen Steinberg, MPH, PhD, Getahun Aynalem, MD,MPH and Peter R. Kerndt, MD, MPH
11:00 AM
HIV Risk Behaviors and Health Status in Female Adult Film Performers
Corita Grudzen, MD, MSHS, Daniella Meeker, PhD, Jacqueline Torres, MPH, MA, Ronald M. Andersen, PhD and Lillian Gelberg, MD, MSPH
11:30 AM
Would consumers favor making the workplace safer for adult film performers?
Paula Tavrow, PhD, Cody Haight, Reema Shah, Kimberly Kisler, MPH, CHES, Jennifer Lowe, Nathan Nickel, MPH and Natasha Desai, MPH

See individual abstracts for presenting author's disclosure statement and author's information.

Organized by: Occupational Health and Safety
Endorsed by: Public Health Nursing, Socialist Caucus

CE Credits: CME, Health Education (CHES), Nursing