191828 Social cognitive theory driven yoga intervention as a complementary therapy for clinical depression

Monday, November 9, 2009

Manoj Sharma, PhD , Health Promotion & Education Program, University of Cincinnati & Walden University, Cincinnati, OH
Ashutosh Atri, MD, MS , Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, University of Texas Health Sciences Center, Houston, Houston, TX
Findings from the 2006 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System reveal that overall prevalence of current depressive symptoms in general population was 8.7% and lifetime diagnosis of depression was 15.7% making it a very common illness. Studies from Brazil, India, Taiwan and United States suggest that relaxation techniques including yoga are of benefit as complementary therapy in treatment of clinical depression. The purpose of this study is to test an innovative social cognitive theory driven yoga-based behavioral intervention as a complementary therapy for clinical depression and to compare it with a control group receiving usual and customary therapy. In a preliminary study with healthy volunteers, the social cognitive theory based yoga intervention of 75 minute sessions that taught low physical impact postures (asana), relaxation (shava asana), breathing techniques (pranayama) and meditation (dhyana) over a period of six weeks has been developed and pilot-tested. The present study utilizes an experimental design extended over a period of six months. Participants recruited in the study had a score of 15 or more on Beck Depression Inventory suggesting moderate or severe depression. The primary dependent variables for comparison over time between experimental and control groups are: (1) the score on Beck Depression Inventory; (2) score on expectations for yoga; (3) score on self-efficacy for yoga; and (4) score of self control for yoga. The dependent variables are tested using the one between-groups and one within-subjects statistical design. Recommendations for developing and testing future interventions are presented.

Learning Objectives:
1. Evaluate the potential for replication of yoga-based interventions for disease prevention, risk reduction, and health promotion in public health settings. 2. Describe the steps of yoga-based intervention planning and evaluation employed by the presenter. 3. Assess a social cognitive theory driven yoga-based behavioral intervention as a complementary therapy for depression.

Keywords: Alternative Medicine/Therapies, Depression

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I have conducted literature review on this topic, conceptualized this study, and conducted preliminary study.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.