196634 A review of protective factors for interpersonal youth violence among Asian and Pacific Islander youths

Sunday, November 8, 2009

Jane Chung-Do, MPH , Department of Psychiatry, Asian/Pacific Islander Youth Violence Prevention Center, Honolulu, HI
Kathryn L. Braun, DrPH , Public Health, University of Hawaii, Honolulu, HI
Background: Interpersonal youth violence (IYV) is a growing public health concern in the United States (US). Although numerous risk factors have been identified, research on protective factors has been limited. In addition, Asian and Pacific Islander (API) youths have not been traditionally included in IYV research. Objective/Purpose: Because the majority the State of Hawai`i population is comprised of Asian and Pacific Islanders, the purpose of this study is to review the literature on protective factors that may promote resiliency in API youths for IYV. Methods: Through a search on electronic databases, peer-reviewed studies related to IYV and API youth were identified. Database keywords including Hawaii, Hawaiian, Asian, Pacific Islander, youth, adolescence, adolescent, teen, teenage, violence, violent behaviors, aggression, and aggressive behaviors were used to identify relevant articles. Results: A total of 192 articles met the search criteria, with eight studies meeting the final selection criteria. The protective factors that emerged from the eight selected studies included high levels of self-esteem, school achievement, ethnic pride, ethnic identity, negative attitudes toward violence, parental engagement, family support, social support, school bonding, and neighborhood organization. Discussion/Conclusions: Although researchers have begun to recognize the importance of protective factors, risk-based approaches still dominate IYV research and programs, with most focusing on individual-level risk factors. To promote resilience and prevent interpersonal youth violence, researchers should engage with communities as active participants to better inform programs using strength-based approaches, especially in multicultural settings.

Learning Objectives:
1) Explain the ethnic disparities in interpersonal violence perpetration and victimization rates among Asian and Pacific Islander youths in the State of Hawai`i. 2) Name 3 protective factors that prevent Asian and Pacific Islander youths from engaging in youth violence. 3) List 3 recommendations for future studies on interpersonal youth violence.

Keywords: Asian and Pacific Islander, Youth Violence

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am a doctoral student in Public Health who wrote a literature review paper related to this topic for a class requirement.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.