201517 Fruit and vegetable intake and taste preference concordance between low-income 4th graders and their parents

Monday, November 9, 2009

Bonnie Braun, PhD , Center for Health Literacy, University of Maryland School of Public Health, College Park, MD
Susan M. Gross, PhD, MPH, RD , Food Supplement Nutrition Education, University of Maryland Cooperative Extension, Columbia, MD
Objective: To explore over a 12 month period similarities and differences in fruit and vegetable (FV) intake and taste preferences among low-income fourth grade children and their parents. Design, Setting and Participants: A school-based cohort study of 32 low-income fourth grade student and their parents. This study is part of a larger investigation examining influences of school and family influences. Intervention: Students participated in classroom-centered, ten lesson nutrition education. Parental participation in two school FV-focused events was optional. Outcome Measures and Analysis: Daily FV intake and preference scores. Frequency distributions and means of all variables, Chi-squared and correlation tests. Results: At Time One, very little concordance between parent and child on FV intake or preference. At baseline, 84.4% of students and 78.1% of parents reported eating vegetables on the previous day (p<0.01). Among the students (90.6%) and parents (59.4%) reported eating fruit (p<0.05). For students and parents, Time 1 and Time 2 FV intakes did not change. Between Time One and Time Two (12 months) most parents (73.4%) did not change their FV intake. Of the 9.7% of students who increased their FV intake, none of their parents changed their FV. Over 50% of both students and parents increased their FV preference scores. Student FV preference scores at Time One were positively correlated with Time Two parent FV preference scores (r=0.40, p<0.05). Conclusions: School-based interventions alone may not be sufficient to impact parent FV intake and preference. Future studies should increase the sample size and consider a parent education component.

Learning Objectives:
1)Participants will examine pilot findings regarding the relationship between parent and child fruit and vegetable intake during a one year period. 2)Participant will consider implications of the association between parent and child fruit and vegetable preference. 3)Participants will identify strategies for engaging parents in school-based fruit and vegetable intake promotion activities.

Keywords: Family Involvement, Food and Nutrition

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: Dr. Bonnie Braun is the Endowed Chair & Director, Herschel S. Horowitz Center for Health Literacy and an Associate Professor of Family Studies at the University of Maryland. She is also the State Family Policy Specialist for Maryland Cooperative Extension. She has a Ph.D. in Family Consumer Sciences Education from the University of Missouri. She is an principal investigator on the Project FRESH grant, the source of data for this abstract.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.