206323 Breastfeeding promotion for teen mothers

Sunday, November 8, 2009

Paige Smith, PhD , Center for Women's Health and Wellness, UNC Greensboro, Greensboro, NC
Miriam Labbok, MD, MPH, FACPM, IBCLC, FABM , Carolina Global Breastfeeding Institute, Department of Maternal Child Health, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC
Mary Rose Tully, MPH, IBCLC , Carolina Breastfeeding Institute, Department of Maternal Child Health School of Public Health, Univeristy of North Carolina Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC
Background: Teen mothers have the lowest rates of breastfeeding of any demographic group. Although these mothers face many difficult social, cultural, and economic barriers to breastfeeding, there are few breastfeeding promotion interventions for this population. Further research is needed to identify programs that can successfully promote breastfeeding among teen mothers.

Purpose: To collect qualitative data on the values, experiences and needs of teen mothers for use in planning a new breastfeeding promotion program.

Methods: Focus groups were conducted with 31 teenage mothers at a YWCA in North Carolina. The mothers were split into groups based on whether they did not breastfeed at all, breastfed only in the hospital, breastfed for less than one month, breastfed for less than two months, exclusively breastfed at least two months, and teens that were currently pregnant.

Results: Focus group results confirm that young women's experiences are influenced by factors of social ecology. However, teenage mothers who choose to breastfeed experience many of the same negative breastfeeding influences as those who formula feed. Results suggest that young women's emerging identity as mothers should be considered when developing a breastfeeding promotion program.

Discussion: This presentation reports the results of the focus groups and describes how the results will shape a new breastfeeding program that incorporates the values and experiences of teen mothers. It will also describe the process of program development, which will include the teen mothers and breastfeeding experts.

Learning Objectives:
1. Describe the myriad of factors that influence teen mother's infant feeding decisions 2. Demonstrate how focus group data is used in program planning.

Keywords: Breast Feeding, Adolescents

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am the PI on the CDC-grant that funded this research.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.