218710 Alcohol Treatment and Prevention Systems at U.S. Colleges

Wednesday, November 10, 2010 : 8:48 AM - 9:06 AM

Toben F. Nelson, ScD , Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN
Traci L. Toomey, PhD , Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN
Darin J. Erickson, PhD , Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN
Kathleen Lenk, MPH , School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN
Ken C. Winters, PhD , Department of Psychiatry, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN
Heavy alcohol use among college students is widespread and associated with serious negative health and social consequences. Colleges address these problems using various approaches including screening, intervention, treatment, policy and enforcement. However, little is known about current practices of colleges across all of these components and the extent to which these efforts are integrated. As part of a three-year study to assess college systems that address student alcohol use we conducted online surveys of three types of campus leaders (directors of health care, campus administrators, directors of enforcement/security) at a representative sample of 569 four-year colleges in the U.S. (response rates = 61%). We assessed college policy and practice in screening, intervention, treatment, control policies, and enforcement and used latent class analyses to identify how these approaches to alcohol group together. We will describe results of these analyses, identify distinct classes of alcohol systems (e.g., campuses that implement all components, campuses that do not implement any of the components) and describe specific campus (e.g., private vs. public, small vs. large enrollment) and community (e.g., population size) characteristics that are associated with specific classes of college alcohol systems. Finally, we will describe whether some campuses are implementing comprehensive alcohol systems and identify which components can be strengthened across campuses.

Learning Areas:
Administer health education strategies, interventions and programs
Implementation of health education strategies, interventions and programs
Public health or related public policy
Systems thinking models (conceptual and theoretical models), applications related to public health

Learning Objectives:
Describe the potential need for alcohol prevention and treatment services among college students. Discuss current approaches used by colleges to address heavy alcohol use by students. Identify college and community characteristics associated with different types of approaches to student alcohol use. Explain the implications of college approaches to student alcohol use for future prevention and treatment efforts

Keywords: Alcohol, School Health

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am qualified to present because I have conducted research and published on the topic of alcohol use prevention for 15 years.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.