218947 Role of Local Manufacturers in Producing Essential Malaria Commodities: Nigeria and Uganda Case Studies

Monday, November 8, 2010 : 2:30 PM - 2:50 PM

Kenyetta Lovings, MA , Malaria Taxes and Tariffs Advocacy Project (M-TAP), Academy for Educational Development, Washington, DC
Bryan Thomas Callahan, PhD , Social Marketing Practice, Ogilvy Public Relations Worldwide, Washington, DC
Richard Tren, MSc , Research, Africa Fighting Malaria, Washington, DC
Jasson Urbach, MSc , Africa Fighting Malaria, Durban, South Africa
While the production capacity of local manufacturers in malaria-endemic countries like Nigeria and Uganda is increasing, most of the supply of medicines, insecticide-treated bed nets and other anti-malarial commodities is currently imported from the international market. Taxes and tariffs, among other charges, are imposed on these goods in an effort to protect local industries and to raise revenue. But revenues raised from these import charges are relatively low so reducing tariffs is seen as a positive strategy to lower the cost of imported commodities for expanding local access. Local industries, however, view tariff reduction unfavorably, since lower tariff rates compel them to compete against international producers who may be better positioned to provide better-quality or lower-priced goods.

Because local manufacturers must often pay import duties on finished and intermediate goods in addition to raw materials used to produce anti-malarial commodities, they feel disadvantaged. In relation to international producers, they also must contend with higher production costs, domestic taxes, and low access to financial and technical capital. All of these factors have direct implications on their capacity to adopt innovation and achieve competitiveness. Therefore the aim of this presentation is to examine policy recommendations that are designed to help local manufacturers build industrial capacity and enhance supply chains for increasing local access to anti-malarial commodities. Policy recommendations are based on findings from case study evidence gathered in Nigeria and Uganda.

Learning Areas:
Public health or related laws, regulations, standards, or guidelines
Public health or related organizational policy, standards, or other guidelines

Learning Objectives:
1. Identify the influence of tax and tariff policy on local industries and the supply of anti-malarial commodities in Nigeria and Uganda. 2. Explain how local manufacturers in Nigeria and Uganda can supplement the international production of anti-malarial commodities in local markets. 3. Discuss policy recommendations directed toward methods of increasing the capacity and availability of anti-malarial commodities in Nigeria and Uganda.

Keywords: Access, Policy/Policy Development

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am qualified to present, because I support programs and conduct research on issues related to malaria control as well as on trade and development and public-private partnerships.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.