222435 Application of the health belief and community-based models to changing recycling behaviors and assessing participation rates augmented with GPS/GIS

Wednesday, November 10, 2010

Israel Msengi, EdD, CHES , Health & Kinesiology, Lamar University, Beaumont, TX
The purpose of this study was to assess the effectiveness of interventions based on health promotion theories in changing the recycling behavior of the targeted population. The study focused on the development and evaluation of innovative recycling education programs that address energy recovery, global warming, carbon dioxide offset, ground water protection, pollution, resource protection, and waste management. This quasi-experimental study applied selected health promotion theories and models (Health Belief Model-[HBM] and Community Based Model- [CBM]) as an approach to motivate recycling behaviors augmented with GPS/GIS technology and to evaluate the impact of the applied approaches on recycling set-out rates and participation.

A total of 281 households from a Midwestern city participated in this study. The study was conducted over a period of six months. A Likert scaled questionnaire was used to collect data on recycling and environmental knowledge, skills, behavior, and attitudes. Results indicated a significant increase in average set out rates among HBM participants (21.34 lbs. pre-test to 59.3 lbs post-test) than CBM and control participants with an ANCOVA test indicating a significant difference between the groups during pre- and post-interventions (F (5, 127) = 10.29, p = .0001). Similarly, significant change in knowledge, desire to recycle and manage waste, and attitude shift were observed more among HBM participants than among control and CBM participants.

It was concluded, HBM approach can be effective in motivating recycling more than CBM, however, CBM approach can be effective in changing behavior, attitude, and knowledge if used for a long period of time.

Learning Areas:
Administer health education strategies, interventions and programs
Assessment of individual and community needs for health education
Conduct evaluation related to programs, research, and other areas of practice
Environmental health sciences
Planning of health education strategies, interventions, and programs
Program planning

Learning Objectives:
1)Demonstrate the kinds of interventions based on various health promotion/education theoretical approaches that can produce the most meaningful improvement in recycling participation rates. 2)Discuss the relationship between recycling and environmental protection, resource conservation, energy saving, reducing global warming impacts, and carbon dioxide offset control. 3)Demonstrate the usefulness of applying Geographic Information System (GIS) and Geographic Positioning System (GPS) in health promotion and environmental health research.

Keywords: Theory, Climate Change

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am qualified to be an abstract author on the content I am responsible for because: 1) I designed, implemented, and evaluated this research project. 2) The research project was part of the requirement of the Doctoral degree (Dissertation) 3) Personal work, no co-authors
Any relevant financial relationships? Yes

Name of Organization Clinical/Research Area Type of relationship
Iowa Department of Natural Resources N/A offered grants
Recycling & Reuse Technology Transfer Center Recycling Graduate Assistant
Metro Waste Authority N/A Offered Grants

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.