226396 Risk of intimate partner homicide and post-traumatic stress disorder among victims of intimate partner violence

Monday, November 8, 2010

Abbie Tuller , Urban Resource Institute, New York, NY
Melissa Lin, MS , Division of Medical Services, Research and Information Technology, Addiction Research and Treatment Corporation, Brooklyn, NY
Robert Sage, PhD , Division of Human Services, Urban Resource Institute / Addiction Research and Treatment Corp., Brooklyn, NY
Sascha Griffing, PhD , Urban Resource Institute, New York, NY
Lorraine Madry, DMin , Urban Resource Institute, New York, NY
Historically, research on intimate partner violence (IPV) has assumed that the severity of violence is the best indicator for risk of intimate partner homicide (IPH). However, recent research has found multiple risk factors associated with a woman's risk of IPH, in addition to severity of violence. It is currently unknown how these risk factors may collectively impact victims. Research has demonstrated significant relationships among severity of IPV and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD); however, to date, no research has explored the relationship between risk of IPH and PTSD symptoms. Accordingly, this study sought to explore this relationship. The sample was ethnically diverse and consisted of 107 females residing in three New York City domestic violence shelters. In order to assess their risk of IPH, participants completed the Danger Assessment (DA). Participants also completed the Impact of Events Scale (IES), which measured overall levels of PTSD symptoms, as well as, three symptom clusters: avoidance behaviors, intrusive thoughts, and hyperarousal. Preliminary correlation analysis revealed significant positive relationships among risk of IPH and overall PTSD symptoms (p<.05), avoidance behaviors (p<.01) and hyperarousal (p<.01). Interestingly, risk of IPH was not significantly correlated with intrusive thoughts. Lastly, a MANOVA revealed significant differences in the levels of PTSD symptom clusters among categorical levels of risk (variable, increased, severe, extreme). These findings suggest that the degree in which victims experience risk of IPH may not only impact whether they experience PTSD symptoms, but also the type of PTSD symptoms they experience, which may be useful in clinical interventions.

Learning Areas:
Social and behavioral sciences

Learning Objectives:
List four risk factors associated with increased risk of intimate partner homicide. Explain the relationship among risk of intimate partner homicide and post-traumatic stress disorder. Describe how each of the three PTSD symptom clusters are associated with each level of risk of intimate partner homicide (variable, increased, severe, extreme).

Keywords: Domestic Violence, Mental Health

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am qualified to be an abstract Author on the content I am responsible for because: I have been conducting research and presenting research findings on various aspects of intimate partner violence for the last four years in both academic and community settings. In addition, I have two publications addressing intimate partner violence.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.