230234 Evaluating the OSHA Safety Tips card “Working safely in trenches”

Tuesday, November 9, 2010

Donald E. Eggerth, PhD , Training Research and Evaluation Branch, CDC]NIOSH, Cincinnati, OH
Even by construction standards, trenching and excavation work is very dangerous. The fatality rate for excavation workers is 112% higher than for general construction. Small businesses were riskiest, with 70% of fatalities occurring in companies with fewer than 50 workers. Assisting small businesses is difficult because many lack the resources needed to implement traditional safety interventions. This is further complicated by the influx of Hispanic immigrants into construction, as interventions must be in both English and Spanish.

The OSHA Safety Tips card “Working safely in trenches” was developed in response to such concerns. This laminated card is printed on one side in English and the other in Spanish, and is sized to fit into a toolbox. This presentation will discuss a field evaluation of this Safety Tips card. Cognitive interviews were conducted with English- and Spanish-speaking construction workers for reading level, comprehension, usefulness and equivalency of message in both English and Spanish. Based upon these interviews, an extensively redesigned informational product (a magnetic poster) was developed for use by these workers. This poster was then evaluated using the same criteria and methods initially used for the Safety Tips card, and a final product was developed.

Learning Areas:
Communication and informatics
Diversity and culture
Occupational health and safety
Public health or related education

Learning Objectives:
1. Explain the role of cognitive testing in the development of safety interventions. 2. Discuss the need to involve representative members of the target audience into the development process for safety interventions.

Keywords: Communication, Immigrants

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am a Senior Team Coordinator with CDC/NIOSH, have a PhD in psychology, was the lead investigator on the project being presented, & currently hold appointments at two universities.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.