4020.0 Summer in the city: Addressing health impacts and disparities posed by urban heat events

Tuesday, November 9, 2010: 8:30 AM - 10:00 AM
Purpose: Heat waves and extreme hot weather conditions pose a substantial public health risk. These events have been associated with increased morbidity and mortality. More recently, the focus of heat-vulnerability risk assessments has increasingly been in the urban population. Recent studies in the US have found that when compared to compact metropolitan regions, sprawling metropolitan regions to have experienced greater adverse health outcomes, twice the rate of extreme heat events, and >50% more days with excessive ozone levels. Additionally, assessments of the 2003 European heat wave have found that exposure to excessive heat coupled with elevated levels of ozone and particulate matter were the primary environmental factors in excess mortality during this crisis. It is becoming increasing evident that a sustainable approach to this emerging environmental public health threat requires a multi-disciplinary approach by scientists, local government officials, urban planners, and community members. Relevance: A heat-related surveillance program (and a resulting heat vulnerability index) that integrates population data, remote sensing, and geographic information systems is critical. Population health data (especially that which includes the demographic and geographic distribution of chronic disease within a community) would have a tremendous impact in averting physiological heat stress which can lead to death in these vulnerable individuals. The phenomenon of “urban heat-islands” has added an extra layer of risk for health disparities among urban populations who already share a disproportionate burden of chronic disease and poor health outcomes. Importance: This session will provide a template that will be useful for ongoing heat event preparedness and surveillance activities. Representatives from local, state, and national agencies will benefit from this session as we discuss proactive interventions for reducing disparities in health outcomes due to heat waves and extreme hot weather.
Session Objectives: 1.Demonstrate the process by which surveillance for the demographic and geographic vulnerability to heat-related morbidity and mortality (i.e., a heat vulnerability index) is developed 2.Identify personal and built environment factors that confer additional risk to heat-related morbidity and mortality and demonstrate strategies that have been used to mitigate this additional risk 3.Compare local programs that have combined data from numerous sources to develop heat-vulnerability assessment and intervention programs in Detroit, Phoenix, Philadelphia, and New York City
Rosemarie G. Ramos, PhD, MPH

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Natalie Sampson, MPH, Edith Parker, DrPH, Sabrina McCormick, PhD, Jalonne White-Newsome, MS, Carina Gronlund, MPH, Linda Catalano, PhD and Marie S. O'Neill, PhD
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Colleen Reid, MPH, Jennifer Mann, PhD, MPH, M. Helen Flowers, MS, Helene Margolis, PhD, MA, Nancy L. West, MS, Daniel Rubado, MPH, Brian Woods and John R. Balmes, MD
Are residents of sprawling metropolitan regions more vulnerable to climate-induced health effects?
Brian Stone, PhD, Tegan K. Boehmer, PhD, MPH, Dana Habeeb, MCRP, MARCH, Jason Vargo, MPH, MCRP and Fuyuen Yip, PhD

See individual abstracts for presenting author's disclosure statement and author's information.

Organized by: Environment
Endorsed by: APHA-Committee on Women's Rights, Socialist Caucus, Social Work

CE Credits: Medical (CME), Health Education (CHES), Nursing (CNE), Public Health (CPH)

See more of: Environment