235015 Assessing the Statewide Environment for Pedestrians and Cyclists

Monday, October 31, 2011: 9:10 AM

Jay Maddock, PhD , Department of Public Health Sciences, University of Hawaii, Honolulu, HI
Vickie Ramirez, MA , Public Health Sciences, University of Hawaii, Honolulu, HI
Katie M. Heinrich, PhD , Department of Kinesiology, Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS
Miaoxuan Zhang, MS , Public Health Sciences, Univeristy of Hawaii, Honolulu, HI
I. Made Brunner, PhD , Urban and Regional Planning, University of Hawaii, Honolulu, HI
Becky Rodericks, MSPH , Department of Public Health Sciences, University of Hawaii, Honolulu, HI
Active transportation is an important but underutilized mode of transport in the US. Road design is related to the amount of walking and cycling that takes places in certain street segments. Currently, numerous policy initiatives including Safe Routes to School and Complete Streets are attempting to improve pedestrian and cycling infrastructure and “friendliness”. However, no state has a surveillance system to directly measure the walkability and bikeability of its streets. In this study, we used Geographic Information Systems (GIS) to randomly select a representative sample of street segments across the state of Hawaii and then completed direct objective assessment of these segments using the Pedestrian Environmental Data Scan (PEDS). A total of 321 segments were audited and inter-rater reliability was adequate across all measures. Streets segments were coded as high (42.4%) or low volume (57.6%) depending on the intended amount of traffic. Most high volume street segments had sidewalks (66%). These sidewalks were usually in good condition, contiguous, had traffic control devices and pedestrian signals. Most low volume street segments did not have sidewalks (63.4%). Those that did were in poorer condition, were less likely to have curb cuts and were more likely to be obstructed. Cycling facilities were limited (> 10%) across all segments. Rural neighbor islands were less likely to have pedestrian amenities than Honolulu County. This study provides a baseline surveillance survey for assessing the walkability and bikeability of roads in Hawai‘i. Future studies can assess changes in these facets related to policies, spending and other initiatives.

Learning Areas:
Conduct evaluation related to programs, research, and other areas of practice
Other professions or practice related to public health
Public health or related laws, regulations, standards, or guidelines
Public health or related public policy

Learning Objectives:
Describe the process for measuring active friendly states. Compare walkable and non-walkable communities. Assess walkability and bikability in their state

Keywords: Physical Activity, Environment

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I assisted on the research project
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.