237974 Contribution of common physical activities reported among African-American college students

Tuesday, November 1, 2011

JoAnn Kuo, MPH, PhD , Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Maryland, College Park, MD
Eric Hoffman, PhD , Center for Genetic Medicine Research, Children's National Medical Center, Washington, DC
INTRODUCTION: African-Americans are at increased risk for physical inactivity. Interventions targeting college students are promising since lifelong habits are being established at this time. The study purpose was to identify physical activities performed and how much activity they contribute among African-American college students. Interventions promoting these may be more effective. METHODS: Participants (N = 133) were healthy individuals recruited from a historically black college/university in Washington, DC over a period of 2 years. Frequency and duration of physical activities performed in the past year were assessed using the Paffenbarger Questionnaire. Activity intensities (metabolic equivalents [METS]) were based on compendium values (Ainsworth et al., 2000). RESULTS: Jogging, housekeeping, walking, and swimming were among the top 10 physical activities reported by both men and women. Top activities included jogging (40%), dancing (44%), housekeeping (37%), walking (34%), and home exercise (33%) for women and basketball (47%), running (47%), heavy home/yard work (33%), football (33%), jogging (30%), and swimming (30%) for men. Additionally, high-impact aerobics (34%) and treadmill walking (27%) were common among high-active participants (i.e., at or above median MET-minutes/week). Median MET-minutes/week for top activities were between 80 and 340. Participants who met recommendations (450 MET-minutes/week) did multiple activities (median = 7 activities). CONCLUSIONS: Physical activity interventions among African-American young adults should promote jogging, housekeeping, or walking as these require minimal skill and resources and were common across genders and among more active participants. Multiple activities should be promoted because single activities were not sufficient to meet recommendations.

Learning Areas:
Diversity and culture
Planning of health education strategies, interventions, and programs

Learning Objectives:
1. List 4 physical activities that are frequently reported among both men and women and more active participants 2. Name the 5 physical activities that contribute the greatest MET-minutes/week among the most frequently reported activities 3. Describe the median and range of the frequency and duration of the 5 physical activities that contribute the greatest MET-minutes/week

Keywords: College Students, Physical Activity

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I developed the study idea, analyzed the data, interpreted the results, and wrote the abstract.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.