240307 Characteristics of housing, detention history and methamphetamine use among persons in drug treatment in California

Tuesday, November 1, 2011

Javier Lopez-Zetina, PhD, MA , Department of Health Science, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA
Parisa Shams, MPH (c) , Health Science, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA
Bridget Rogala, MPH, CHES , Substance Abuse Foundation of Long Beach, Inc., Long Beach, CA
Objectives: Methamphetamine is the primary substance reported by persons entering drug treatment facilities in California. Despite stable and, in some jurisdictions, decreasing trends in the number of methamphetamine users in California, methamphetamine use continues to pose a significant challenge to substance abuse prevention and treatment efforts. The present study explores characteristics of housing, history of detention and methamphetamine use risk factors in a sample of individuals admitted to drug treatment facilities in San Diego County. Methods: Methamphetamine use, and self-reported history of detention were ascertained cross-sectionally among persons in drug treatment. The standardized risk assessment survey was administered to 209 persons in San Diego County. Results: This presentation will discuss methamphetamine use risk behavior and its relationship to history of incarceration or detention in a sample of individuals with unstable housing. Specifically, length of correctional supervision and substance use while in detention are examined. Housing characteristics before and after detention are also examined as correlates of methamphetamine use and sexual risk behaviors. Discussion: Past illegal substance use among individuals under correctional supervision is highly frequent. Further, correctional supervision has been previously identified as an important correlate of higher risk among substance-abusing populations, but also as an opportunity for referral to drug treatment. Understanding the dynamics of correctional supervision and drug use is crucial for designing successful drug prevention and treatment interventions.

Learning Areas:
Public health or related public policy
Social and behavioral sciences

Learning Objectives:
Discuss methamphetamine use and history of detention and characteristics of housing among individuals in drug treatment in Southern California. Compare risk behaviors as they relate to methamphetamine use and experiences in the correctional system. List potential public health challenges that may arise as the result of the intersection between methamphetamine use and detention and/or incarceration and unstable or transitional housing.

Keywords: Substance Abuse Treatment, Correctional Institutions

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am qualified to present because I am an academic researcher responsible for implementing substance abuse prevention and treatment research protocols.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.