240566 What can I do and what can I eat? Findings from the Physical Activity and Media Inventory (PAMI) and Home Food Inventory (HFI) in African American girls' home environments

Monday, October 31, 2011

Daheia J. Barr-Anderson, PhD, MSPH , Department of Epidemiology and Biostatisics, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC
Alexis Adams, MPH , School of Kinesiology, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN
Introduction: Underlying causes for overweight/obesity are a complex interplay of individual, behavioral, social, and environmental factors related to physical activity (PA) and diet, though less research has been conducted on environmental dynamics. As African-American girls experience high rates of overweight than other youth and are more likely to live in environments that may inhibit healthy lifestyles, there is an urgent need to better understand the home environment for this population.

Methods: The home environments of 19 African American adolescent girls ages 11-18 were assessed using the Physical Activity and Media Inventory (PAMI) and Home Food Inventory (HFI). Accompanied by an adult, trained research assistants inventoried each room (with special focus on the kitchen) and open space (i.e., garage, front/back yard) for physical activity, media, and food resources. SAS software will be used to generate descriptive statistics to describe the physical contents of the home environments.

Results: Results for this study are currently unavailable, but will be available by end of June 2011.

Conclusions: Knowing what physical resources are available in the physical activity and food environments of African American girls can be used as an intervention method to address the high rates of overweight/obesity in this population.

Learning Areas:
Assessment of individual and community needs for health education
Diversity and culture

Learning Objectives:
1) Describe the methodology of conducting physical activity, media, and food inventories in homes 2) Identify the types of physical activity, media, and food resources available in the homes of African American girls 3) Discuss the importance of assessing and understanding the physical home environment when addressing obesity-related issues among African American girls

Keywords: African American, Environment

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I have been conducting research in this content area for the past five years including publishing manuscripts in peer-reviewed journals, receiving grant funding from federal and foundation organizations, and disseminating my research at national and international scientific meetings.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.