241375 Active Indoor Play: Salient Beliefs Held by Adolescents from Rural Middle Schools

Monday, October 31, 2011

Susan E. Middlestadt, PhD , Department of Applied Health Science, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN
Ellen E. Coe, MS , Applied Health Science, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN
Elizabeth A. Mooradian, MS , Department of Kinesiology, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN
Janet P. Wallace, PhD , Kinesiology, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN
Introduction: Health professionals are advising youth to play outdoors in order to meet the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommendation of 60 minutes of daily physical activity. Yet, many children are unable to play outdoors due to safety concerns or lack of facilities. Therefore, indoor active play could be a viable substitute. The purpose of this study was to identify beliefs underlying adolescents' decision to play actively indoors. Methods: Face-to-face, semi-structured interviews were conducted with 86 adolescents (mean age 13.1 years; 58% female; 96.5% white) from three rural middle schools in the Midwest. Six open-ended questions were asked about consequences, social referents, and facilitators of indoor active play. All responses were recorded verbatim and a content analysis was performed to create categories for individual responses. A frequency analysis (PASW version 18.0, Chicago, IL) identified the most salient categories for each of the six questions. Results: 38% of participants identified a physical benefit as an advantage of playing indoors and the most salient disadvantage was the fear of breaking something (35%). While participants felt that no one would disapprove (37%), parents were the most frequently mentioned approving group (70%). Having a viable space (29%) was identified as a facilitator of indoor active play, whereas time (42%) was the top barrier. Conclusion: This study shows the utility of a salient belief elicitation for identifying common behavioral beliefs of adolescents. These findings can be used to develop closed-ended questions for a quantitative analysis of adolescents' salient beliefs toward indoor active play.

Learning Areas:
Planning of health education strategies, interventions, and programs
Social and behavioral sciences
Systems thinking models (conceptual and theoretical models), applications related to public health

Learning Objectives:
1. Identify salient beliefs of rural adolescents' toward indoor active play. 2. Understand the use of the salient beliefs elicitation method to identify the top-of-the-mind consequences, referents, and circumstances of adolescents toward indoor active play . 3. Formulate ideas for a theory-based intervention to increase indoor active play among adolescents.

Keywords: Adolescents, Physical Activity

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am a PhD student in Health Behavior and an associate instructor for the Department of Applied health Science at Indiana University.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.