243448 Are Cambodian American Men Aware of Prostate-Specific Antigen (PSA) Screening?

Sunday, October 30, 2011

Robert Friis, Prof PhD , Department of Health Science, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA
Claire Garrido-Ortega, MPH, CHES , Department of Health Science, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA
Alan Safer, PhD , Department of Mathematics and Statistics, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA
Che Wankie, MPH , Department of Health Science, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA
Mohammed Forouzesh, PhD, CHES , Department of Health Science, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA
Jaina Pallasigui, BS , Department of Health Science, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA
Kirsten Trefflich, MPA , Cambodian Association of America, Long Beach, CA
Kimthai Kuoch, MPA , Cambodian Association of America, Long Beach, CA
Background This study investigated awareness of Prostate-Specific Antigen (PSA) screening among Cambodian American men in Long Beach, California, home to about 50,000 Cambodian Americans. The United States Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends PSA screening for men aged 50 years and older.

Methods A cross-sectional survey was administered to a stratified, random sample of respondents (n=1,414) in census tracts with high concentrations of Cambodian Americans. Male respondents, 50 years and older, were asked whether they had ever taken a PSA test.

Results The percentage of men who had a PSA test was 29.7%. Multivariate logistic regression analyses determined significant predictors of PSA screening. Men with healthcare coverage were 6.9 times (95% CI = 1.434.9) more likely to have a PSA test than men without healthcare coverage. Men who had a 10th to12th grade education were 5.7 times (95% CI = 1.226.5) more likely to have a PSA test than those with no formal education. Similarly, men who had some college education or more were 7.6 times (95% CI = 1.538.0) more likely to have a PSA test than those with no formal education. Men who spoke English as their primary language at home were 4.1 times (95% CI = 1.23.2) more likely to have a PSA test than men who spoke Khmer as their primary language.

Conclusions This research highlighted the need to increase awareness of PSA screening among Cambodian American men, especially those who have lower levels of education and no healthcare coverage.

Learning Areas:
Chronic disease management and prevention
Epidemiology
Public health or related research

Learning Objectives:
By the end of the session, the participant will be able to: 1) Develop educational programs tailored to increase the need for PSA screening among Cambodian American men. 2) Identify barriers that hinder screening for PSA. 3) Identify appropriate PSA screening services and programs for Cambodian American men.

Keywords: Cancer Screening, Asian Americans

Presenting author's disclosure statement:
Organization/institution whose products or services will be discussed: Prostate-Specific Antigen (PSA) screening, Awareness, Cambodian American men

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I have a Ph.D. degree and am a researcher/faculty member. I have participated in prior programs.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.