245379 Prevalence of Physical Activity among Adults in Taiwan

Tuesday, November 1, 2011

Yu-Hsuan Lin , Bureau of Health Promotion, Department of Health, The Executive Yuan, Taiwan (ROC), Taichung, Taiwan
Chun-Yu Tsai , Department of Health, The Executive Yuan, Taiwan (ROC), Bureau of Health Promotion, New Taipei City, Taiwan
Shu-Ti Chiou, MD, PhD , Bureau of Health Promotion, Department of Health, R.O.C.(Taiwan), New Taipei City, Taiwan
Method: To regularly monitor the health status of the citizens and the changing trends, the BHP collaborates with the National Health Research Institutes on designing and implementation of the National Health Interview Survey. Data were collected by face-to-face interviews and self-administered questionnaires. Physical activity related information for the past two weeks was collected and analyzed. 24,174 adults were interviewed and 20,036 questionnaires were effectively retrieved; the participation rate was 83%.

Outcomes: 1. Walking and bicycling ranked the top 2 choices for both genders' preference. 2. After grouped by BMI, overweight males were more likely to be active. Underweight populations were less active, compared with normal weight adults. 3. Prevalence of physical activity among adults increased to 53.53% in 2009, compared to 52.73% in 2006. The exercise rate was increasing on males; however, there was no statistically significant difference on females. Men were more likely than women to engage in regular activity in vigorous exercise and sports.

Discussion: There were 4.21 million adults adopted healthy walking as the first choice of physical activity. Central government should cooperate with local health departments to create a walking supportive environment. However, 47% of adults were essentially sedentary. BHP suggested that people should develop the habit of exercising regularly. According to studies, females were less likely to be active. We should find out the reasons of insufficient physical activity on females, so that we can design effective programs and build healthy policies to help the public adopt a more consistent physical activity pattern.

Learning Areas:
Advocacy for health and health education
Other professions or practice related to public health
Planning of health education strategies, interventions, and programs
Social and behavioral sciences

Learning Objectives:
Describe a large scale survey study to identify adult populations at risk for minimal physical activity. Discuss possible interventions to improve physical activity level in sedentary populations identified.

Keywords: Physical Activity, Exercise

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I work with my colleague on this presentation.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.