247652 A study of the relationship between dental caries and childhood obesity

Sunday, October 30, 2011

Debriell Grows, BS, Meharry Medical College , School of Graduate Studies, Meharry Medical College, Nashville, TN
Michelle Bell, DDS , Department of Oral Health Services, Metro Public Health, Nashville, TN
Chau-Kuang Chen, EDD , Institutional Research, Meharry Medical College, Nashville, TN
Dental caries in children and childhood obesity is a major concern of public health professionals in the United States. The most recent 1999-2004 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey reports an increase in dental caries in the primary teeth of children. The Center for Disease Control and Prevention states prevalence of childhood obesity has more than tripled in the past 30 years. The prevalence of obesity in children ages 6-11 has increased from 6.5% in 1980 to 19.6% in 2008. In those children age 12-19, prevalence has increased from 5.0% in 1980 to 18.1% in 2008. With both of these problems escalating, it becomes evident that there is a possible relationship. This study examines the relationship between the body mass index of children and the rate of dental caries. It is hypothesized that there may be a correlation between BMI and poor oral health. Data collection from January 2011 to May 2011 will include information regarding the children's height, weight, DMFT (decayed, missing, and filled teeth) score, along with other demographic information. After data collection is complete, ordinal regression statistical analysis will be conducted in order to determine the relationship between the dependent variable, dental caries, and the independent variables, children's BMI status, age and other demographic information. Prevention efforts concerning dental caries in children and childhood obesity will be discussed.

Learning Areas:
Chronic disease management and prevention

Learning Objectives:
Assess the relationship between dental caries in children and childhood obesity. Identify programs for prevention of childhood obesity and dental caries.

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am qualified to be an abstract author because I will be working with the primary author on the research study and I have two years of work experience in the dental field.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.