252885 Universal Screening Frameworks for Intimate Partner Violence DURING PREGNANCY: Qualtitatively Researched HEALTH Sector Interventions

Monday, October 31, 2011

Dana Tango, MPH (C) , College of Health Professions and Social Work; Department of Public Health, Temple University, Philadelphia, PA
Background: Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) is a global public health issue affecting the mortality and morbidity of women during reproductive years (Sagot, 2005). In 1998, the CDC reported that between 152,000 to 324,000 pregnant women in the U.S. experience violence yearly (Finger, 2000). While most pregnant women frequently seek health care, offering opportunity for health practitioner intervention (McFarlane et al., 2002), there is rarely a coordinated response to IPV between practitioners and the IPV policy community (Thurston et al., 2006). The purpose of this research was to develop a theoretical framework for U.S. obstetric clinic physicians to adopt a universal IPV screening and referral program with community linkages.

Methods: A literature review was conducted through PubMed on the social, epidemiological, behavioral, and environmental factors associated with the experience of IPV during pregnancy. The review also included applications of the following theoretical health behavior frameworks: PRECEDE-PROCEDE Model, Social Cognitive Theory (SCT), Transtheoretical Model (TTM), Transactional Model of Stress and Coping (TMSC), and Ecological Model (EM).

Results: The proposed theoretical framework for adoption of a universal screening program for pregnant women seen in obstetric clinics includes constructs from SCT, TTM, TMSC, and EM and social marketing techniques, bilingual materials, and 24-hour staffing.

Discussion and Conclusion: Implication of a multilevel theoretical framework can aid in the disclosure, detection, referral, and reduction of morbidity and mortality of pregnant IPV victims. It can also eliminate barriers often cited by providers in assessing and treating victims and assist in policy formation and adherence and culture change.

Learning Areas:
Clinical medicine applied in public health
Implementation of health education strategies, interventions and programs
Planning of health education strategies, interventions, and programs
Public health or related public policy
Social and behavioral sciences
Systems thinking models (conceptual and theoretical models), applications related to public health

Learning Objectives:
1. Identify the current risk factors and health outcomes for women experiencing Intimate Partner Violence during their reproductive years. 2. Discuss how theoretical health behavior models, such as Social Cognitive Theory, Transtheoretical Model, Transactional Model of Stress and Coping, and Ecological Model can be used to formulate intervention strategies and policies to detect and assist female Intimate Partner Violence victims during pregnancy. 3. Describe the programmatic and overall health outcomes of a health behavior theoretically based universal screening and referral program designed for obstetrical care clinic physicians to assist Intimate Partner Violence victims.

Keywords: Maternal and Child Health, Violence Prevention

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am qualified to be an abstract author because I am a part-time graduAte student in Public Health.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.