3339.0 Race, Ethnicity, Culture, and Diet

Monday, October 31, 2011: 2:30 PM
Social and behavioral factors which are specific to cultural, racial, and ethnic population groups influence dietary choices and behaviors. Yet it is unclear if race, ethnicity, and culture influences on dietary decisions and attitudes are afforded consideration and understanding when health promotion and dietary interventions are planned for individuals or communities. Session presenters will reveal their findings from studies with African American men, low-income women, Mexican American women and Filipino American populations. Methods include qualitative data analysis, focus group reports and survey data analysis. In African American men, consumption of fruits and vegetables and preconceived ideas regarding healthy versus unhealthy foods were influenced by upbringing, perceived food availability, available time, day of the week, and women partners. The food choices and behaviors of lower-income women were also influenced by upbringing and perception of healthy foods as well as personal identity, connection to family, and life experience. Mexican American women compared to Mexican immigrants and women living in Mexico revealed that immigrant status is not an automatic safeguard against obesity. Food preference, eating habits, and lifestyle behaviors were powerful forces on the diets of Filipino Americans despite their claims of healthy food awareness. Understanding social and other influential factors and beliefs might allow educational and other resources to target the specific eating behaviors among particular cultural, racial, and ethnic population groups in a more productive and goal-oriented manner.
Session Objectives: 1. Explain how and why culture, race and ethnicity affect dietary choices and behaviors. 2. Understand the perception of healthy body size and healthy eating behaviors in particular cultures, races and ethnicities.
Stacey L. Tannenbaum, PhD, RD, LD/N

2:30 PM
Social and physical environments as determinants of fruit and vegetable consumption among African American men
Jonetta L. Johnson, MPH/PhD(c), Derek M. Griffith, PhD, Katrina R. Ellis, MPH, MSW, Julie Ober Allen, MPH and Gyhandi L. Hill, BA
3:06 PM
“I come from a black-eyed pea background”: How women incorporate their personal history into dietary decision making
Katherine Clegg Smith, PhD, Natasha Brown, BS, MPH, Elizabeth Edsall Kromm, MSc, PhD and Ann Carroll Klassen, PhD

See individual abstracts for presenting author's disclosure statement and author's information.

Organized by: Food and Nutrition
Endorsed by: Asian Pacific Islander Caucus for Public Health, Community Health Workers

CE Credits: Medical (CME), Health Education (CHES), Nursing (CNE), Public Health (CPH)

See more of: Food and Nutrition