260632 A nationwide assessment of physical activity in Polish women during their reproductive years and during pregnancy

Wednesday, October 31, 2012

Andrzej Wojtyla, MD PhD , Director, Institute of Agricultural Medicine Lublin, Lublin, Poland
Przemyslaw Bilinski, MD, PhD , Chief Sanitary Inspector, Chief Sanitary Inspectorate, Institute of Haematology and Transfusion Medicine, Warsaw, Poland
Cezary Wojtyla , Institute of Haematology and Transfusion Medicine, Warsaw, Poland
Piotr Holownia, PhD , Chief Sanitary Inspectorate, Warsaw, Poland
Marek Posobkiewicz, PhD MD , Chief Sanitary Inspectorate in Poland, Warsaw, Poland
Lucyna Kapka-Skrzypczak, PhD , University of Information Technology and Management, Department of Public Health, Rzeszow, Poland, Institute of Rural Health, Independent Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Lublin, Poland, Lublin, Poland
In Poland, physical activity amongst women during the reproductive years is considered to be inadequate for ensuring good physical health compared to generally accepted standards used worldwide. Furthermore, during pregnancies Polish women have a tendency to reduce their physical activity to the barest minimum. This study uses a shortened version of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire to assess actual levels of women's physical activity throughout their reproductive years so that preventative action can be designed properly. A randomised group of n=4000 women of reproductive age were studied where significant lacks of physical activity were confirmed. A group of post-partum women, (n=3000) together with their newborns were also studied representative of all obstetric hospital departments throughout the country. The survey questionnaires for measuring physical activity levels according to the standard metabolically equivalent (MET) were performed on a single day during the third week of November 2011. There were decidedly low physical activity levels seen in pregnant women compared to those before becoming pregnant. However women living in rural areas and those giving birth the second and subsequent times showed higher degrees of physical activity. Appropriate interventions can therefore now be targeted through remedial action in Poland.

Learning Areas:
Advocacy for health and health education
Public health or related research

Learning Objectives:
Learning objectives; Identify and assess the problem areas of women’s physical activity behaviour during their procreation years by a major national survey so that preventative action can be designed accordingly.

Keywords: Maternal Health, Physical Activity

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: MD; Poznan University of Medical Sciences (1980), and PhD at the Georgetown University Medical Centre in Washington (1996); ‘Using American experience in health expenditure control while reforming the Polish health system’. Specialisations include paediatrics, agricultural medicine, public health and health administration. Posts; Hospital Medical Practioner, GP centres Director. Governmental/parliamentary postings eg. Polish Minister of Health (1992-94), Health Undersecretary of State (2005-now), Chief Sanitary Inspector (2006-9) and Director of the Institute of Agricultural Medicine.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.