261251 Nurse Residency Programs: Adaptation of the concept to public health nursing

Monday, October 29, 2012

Julie Beth Heiniger, BS Community Health , School of Public Health, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL
L. Michele Issel, PhD RN , School of Public Health, University of Illinois-Chicago, Chicago, IL
BACKGROUND: Nurse residency programs for new graduate nurses are linked to increased patient satisfaction and nurse competencies, and to fostering professional growth. These programs are predominantly implemented in hospital settings, especially university-affiliated teaching hospitals, and thus are centered on acute and critical care nursing. Their counterparts are nearly absent in public health and for public health nurses (PHNs). PROBLEM: Little is known about how to adapt nurse residency programs to the public health environment or the organizations in which PHNs work. The purpose of this review is to identify common elements of residency programs, and identify ways those elements might be achieved in local health departments. METHODS: A literature review was conducted using the databases EBSCO, Web of Science, Nursing via OVID, CINAHL, Google Scholar and PubMed. Key words identifying research published in English from 1998-2012 were: Nurse, Nursing, residency programs. Limits included peer-reviewed sources from scholarly journals. All hits were reviewed, yielding 334 pertinent abstracts. After reviewing the abstracts, a total of 32 full text articles were retained for review. FINDINGS: Nurse residency programs have 5 common core curriculum topics relevant to PHN, including: evidence-based practice, time management, communication, mentorship and professionalism. Safety, quality and standards of care are also common but would need to be adapted to a PHN module. IMPLICATIONS: Given that local health departments' budget for recruitment and orientation is much smaller than that of hospitals, providing nurse residency programs for PHNs may be challenging. Nonetheless, potentially successful residency programs can be built on existing curriculum.

Learning Areas:
Public health or related education
Public health or related nursing
Public health or related organizational policy, standards, or other guidelines

Learning Objectives:
By the end of this presentation, the participants will be able to: Explain how nurse residency programs would differ from hospital to public health settings. Identify three curriculum topics pertinent to public health nurse residency programs. Discuss the benefits of nurse residency programs.

Keywords: Nursing Education, Professional Preparation

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am a nursing student interested in nurse residency programs. This research was my own idea; I presented my interest to others, who gave feedback. I was responsible for all the literature search, article content and formulation. My work was shared with the team for further feedback. I was responsible for changes made and the final document. I also created the session objectives.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.